反波胆怎么选最稳

盾构设备吊装技术要求及实践应用创新

来源:中华铁道网

  ZHANGFUGANG

  摘要:我国运用盾构机施工城市地铁隧道项目已日趋成熟,盾构机进场吊装作业是盾构施工的主要风险源之一,盾构机组装的控制也直接影响到盾构机正式施工的运行。在工期日趋紧张的现状下分析和探讨如何确保安全和安装质量的前提下将盾构机组装完毕,以便在今后的盾构吊装时提供参考。

  GUANJIANCI:DUNGOUSHIGONG;DUNGOUDIAOZHUANG;DIAOZHUANGGONGYI

  一、盾构机下井策划

  TUYAPINGHENGDUNGOUJIZHENGJIZONGZHANGYUE98MI,ZUIDAZHIJING6.3MI,ZONGZHONGLIANG500t;SHIYIZHONGYINGYONGYUDUNGOUFASUIDAOSHIGONGDEDAXINGJIXIESHEBEI,SHIJIJIXIE、YEYA、DIANQI、CELIANG、KONGZHIYUYITI,JUYOUKAIWAQIEXUETUTI、SHUSONGZHATU、CELIANGJIUPIAN、PINZHUANGCHENQIHUANDENGYIXILIEGONGNENGDEZHUANYONGGONGCHENGJIXIE。MUQIANZHULIUDUNGOUZHIJINGWEI6.2mJI6.4m,YIZHONGTIEZHUANGBEIDUNGOUJIWEILI,FENJIEHOUDEDUNGOUJIZUIZHONGDANJIANCHAOGUO120t,ZUIDAJIEGOUWUCHICUN12.2×4.24×3.92m,ZAIBAOZHENGANQUANSHIGONGDEQIANTIXIA,SHUNLIGAOXIAO、BAOZHIBAOLIANGDEWANCHENGDUNGOUJIDIAOZHUANGZUZHUANGGONGZUOYICHENGWEIYIXIANGGONGZUONANTI。

  GAITUYAPINGHENGDUNGOUJIKEFENJIEWEIZHUJI4DABUFENJI6JIEHOUPEITAOTAICHE,DIAOZHUANGSHEBEIYIBANXUANYONG260tHUO300tDAIFUGOUDELVDAISHIQIZHONGJI,ZHUFUGOUPEIHEWANCHENGDUNGOUJIFANSHENXIAJING。

  ZHUYAOPEIZHI1HAOTUOCHEZUOCEANZHUANGYOUZHUKONGSHI、HBWMIFENGYOUZHI、EP2YOUZHI、YOUZHIDIAOJI,YOUCEBUZHIYOUSHAJIANGGUAN、ZHUJIANGBENG。2HAOTUOCHEZUOCEANZHUANGYOUPENGRUNTUGUAN、PENGRUNTUBENG、DUNWEIYOUZHI、ERCIZHUJIANGBYE,YOUCEBUZHIYOUYEYABENGZHAN。3HAOTUOCHEZUOCEANZHUANGSHUIXUNHUANLENGQUEXITONG、PAOMOXITONG,YOUCEBUZHIYOUZHUPEIDIANJU。4HAOTUOCHEZUOCEANZHUANGYOUKONGYAJI、CHUQIGUAN,YOUCEBUZHIYOUBIANYAQI、GAOYAKAIGUANJU,TUOCHEDINGBUBUZHIERCIFENGJI。5HAOTUOCHEZUOCEANZHUANGYOUWUSHUIXIANG,SHANGBUANZHUANGYOUPIDAIJIZHATUCHUKOU,YOUCEBUZHIYOUDIANLANXIANG、PEIDIANJU。6HAOTUOCHEZUOCEYULIUKONGJIAN,SHANGBUANZHUANGYOUCHUFENGTONGJIQIQIDIAOZHUANGZHI,YOUCEANZHUANGYOUYOU2GESHUIGUANJUANTONG。ANZHAODIAOZHUANGFANGANDEDAOZHISHUNXUSHICONGDUNGOUJI6HAOTAICHEZHI1HAOTAICHE,YICIBALUOXUANSHUSONGJI、SHEBEIQIAO、ZHONGDUN、QIANDUN、DAOPAN、WEIDUNFENPIXIANHOUDIAOZHUANGXIAJING,ANZHIZAIGUIDAOSHANGCUNFANGJINXINGLIANJIE。

  二、吊装控制技术

  3.1、TAICHEXIAJING

  DIAOZHUANGSHIYINGLIYONGTUOCHEYUANYOUDIAODIAN,BAOCHISHUIPINGDIAOZHUANGZUOYE,QUEYINJINGKOUKONGJIANSHOUXIANERXUYAOQINGXIEDIAOZHUANGSHI,YINGXIANXINGCAIQUXIANGYINGCHULICUOSHI,FANGZHIYINGUODUPIANXINDAOZHIGANGSISHENGSHOULIBUJUNERCHAOZAI、YUNDONGBUJIANHUAYI(RU:SHUANGLIANGXINGZOULIANGHESHUANGLIANGDIAOJIXINGZOUJIGOU、TUOGUNDENG)。DUIWUGEZHONGDIANBAGUAN,YISHIYIJUTUOCHECHUYUSHUIPINGWEIZHIERJINXINGDE,TUOCHECHUYUGUODUQINGXIEZHUANGTAISHIKENENGDAOZHIANZHUANGKUNNAN,TAICHEYUTAICHEWUFALIANJIE;ERSHITUOCHEZAIJINGXIADEYIDONGYINGJINLIANGSHIYONGDIANPINGCHETUIDONG,SHENYONGJUANYANGJI;SANSHITUOCHEYIDONGDAOWEIHOUYINGZUOHAOZUGUIGONGZUO,FANGZHILIUCHE。SISHIMEIJIETAICHEZHIJIEDEXIAOZILIANJIEHAOHOU,ANCHAHAOBAOXIANXIAO,FANGZHIQINGXIEXIAOZITUOLUO;WUSHIFENGGUANHELUNDUI,ZOUDAOBANDENGDIMIANYUANZHUANGBUJIANYINGDANGJINXINGCHONGFENJINGU。

  3.2、LUOXUANJIXIAJING

  SHIFAJINGZHUANGJIKONGJIANWEIZHIGUOXIAOSHOUXIANERWUFAZHIJIEJIANGLUOJIJINXINGXIAJINGHOUZHIJIEANZHUANG,ERXULIYONGGUANPIANCHEZAITAICHENEIZANCUN,CISHIYINGZHUYIXUANHAOLIANGGEZHIDIANJINXINGHANJIEZHIJIABINGJIANGLUOJIGUDINGYUDANGEGUANPIANXIAOCHESHANG,ZHIDIANDEWEIZHIXUANZEBUHESHIHUOZHEJIANGLIANGZHIDIANFENBUYULIANGGUANPIANXIAOCHESHANGDOUYICHANSHENGWEIXIAN。TONGSHIZAIYOULUOJIDEGUANPIANCHEYIDONGDAOWEIHOUYINGSUOZHUXIAOCHECHACHE,BINGJINXINGEWAIZUGUI。

  3.3、SHEBEIQIAOXIAJING

  (1)DUIYUSHIFAJINGZHUANGJI,DANGKONGJIANWEIZHISHOUXIANSHI,XUJIANGSHEBEIQIAODAJIEZAI1HAOTAICHESHANGHOUYIBINGFANGZHI,FANGZHISHIXUZUOMENZIJIAZHICHENG(FANGBIANLUOJIJINCHU),MENZIJIAZHICHENGBIXULAOKAO,JIANDANLIZHUZHICHENGJIAOYIZAOCHENGWEIXIAN,FANGZHIANQUANSHIGUFASHENG。

  (2)SHEBEIQIAOJIEZAI1HAOTAICHESHANGLIANJIEHAOXIAOZIHESUOJINPIANGUDINGDAOWEI,FANGZHITUOLUO。

  3.4、ZHUJIXIAJING

  DANGDIAOCHECHUYUSHUJINGQIANFANGHUOCEWEISHIYINGJINLIANGAN:ZHONGDUN、QIANDUN、DAOPANDESHUNXU,DANGDIAOCHECHUYUSHUJINGHOUBUSHIYINGJINLIANGAN:QIANDUN、DAOPAN、ZHONGDUNDESHUNXU,RUOXUDUIQIANDUNJIDAOPANJINXINGTUIYISHI,YINGCAIQUCUOSHIFANGZHIDAOPANHEQIANDUNLIANJIETIYOUYUZHONGXINCHUYUJIAOBUWENDINGWEIZHIERQINGFAN。(DIAOCHECHUYUCHEZHANSHANGFANGJIAOSHAO,XUKAOLVNENGFOUCHENGSHOUQIZHONGLI。)

  三、组装控制技术

  (1)SHEBEIBUJIANXUYAOHANJIEZUOYESHIYINGZHUYIDATIEXIANDEFANGZHI,FANGZHIDIANLIUDUIYUANQIJIANZAOCHENGSUNSHANG。(RU:HANJIEDUNWEIFANGNIUKUAISHIBUDEZAIYOUGANGSHANGDATIE,YIMIANSUNSHANGYOUGANGJIMIFENGNEIXIE。)

  (2)SUOYOUSHEBEIDEDAJIANLIANJIE,YINGDANGZAIDINGWEIWANCHENGHOU,ZHUANGSHANGDINGWEIXIAO,BINGYUJINYIBUFENLIANJIELUOSHUANHOUCAIKEDUIDIAOCHEXIELI,FOUZEJIANGYOUYUDIAOCHEGUOZAOXIELIERDAOZHIBUJIANCUOWEI,YINGXIANGANZHUANGZHILIANG。

  (3)GETIEHEMIANYINGDANGLIYONGGANGSISHUA、CHAIYOU、QINGXIJIDENGCAILIAOCHONGFENQINGLI。

  (4)MIFENGQUAN(TIAO)BUDELOUZHUANG,TONGSHIMIFENGTIAODEZHANJIEYINGDANGSHIYONGZHUANYONGZHANJIEJI。TONGSHIZAIMIFENGTIAOANZHUANGCAONEITUMOSHIDANGLIANGHUANGYOUYIJIANGMIFENGTIAOWENDINGYUMIFENGCAONEI。

  (5)DUIYUBUFENDAOPAN,GONGYOUFANSHENHEXIAJINGLIANGZUDIAOER,QIEBUKETIHUAN(BUDUICHENG),CISHIYINGZHUYIXUANZEYIFANGANZHUANGFALANLUOSHUANKONGBUDUIWEIERZAOCHENGFANGONG。(DIAOZHUANGDIAOERHEFANSHENDIAOERXUANCUOZAOCHENGANZHUANGKUNNAN,CHAOWADAOXUCONGXINFUHEFUWEI。)

  (6)YINXIANCHANGQINGKUANGKENENGLIYONGDANDIAOCHEDUITIQIANXIECHEPINGFANGDEDAOPANJINXINGFANZHUANQIDIAOHEXIAJING,CISHIYINGZHUYIDIANSAI,SHIDEDAOPANQUANLIANGCHENGWEIFANZHUANDEZHIDIAN,YANFANGDAOJUCHENGWEIFANZHUANSHIDEZHIDIAN,SUNHUAIDAOJU。(KEDIAN30*30cmDEDAFANGMU)

  (7)ZHONGQIANDUNLIANJIESHIYINGDANGZAIRENCANGTIEHEMIANTUMOPINGMIANMIFENGJIAO。

  (8)LUOSHUANDEJINGUYINGANSHUNXU、FENBUZHOUJINZHIGUIDINGNIUJU,TONGSHIDUIYUSHUANGTOULUOZHUYINGDANGJINXINGCHICUNHELALIDESHUANGZHONGKAKONG。DIYICISHI800KN,DIERCISHI1200KN。

  (9)SHIYONGYEYAZHUANYONGGONGJUSHI,YOUYUYOUpsi、bar、N、N.M、MPaDENGBUTONGDANWEIDEZHISHIBIAOPAN,YINGZHUYIHUANSUAN。ZHONGQIANDUNLUOSHUANKONGZHIZAI340bar。

  (10)ANZHUANGPINZHUANGJISHIBUDEJIANGDIAODIANXUANCUO,JINERZAOCHENGXIAJINGHOUYUDUNTISHANGPINGTAIGANSHEERWUFAANZHUANG。(RU:YONGDAOLIANDIAOJIESHIXUANYONGHESHIDEDAOLIAN,FANGZHIDAOLIANGUOXIAODUANLIE,FASHENGANQUANSHIGU。)

  (11)ANZHUANGLUOJISHIYINGDANGZAIRENCANGDIBUHANJIEFUZHUDIAOER,RUODIAODIANXUANYUMIZILIANGHENGLIANGSHANG,YINGZUOHAOFANGHUCUOSHI,FANGZHIRUIJIAOLEDUANGANGSISHENGERZAOCHENGWEIXIAN,TONGSHIYEFANGZHISUNHUAIYUANQIJIAN。LUOJIYUQIANDUNLIANJIESHITIEHEMIANTUMOPINGMIANMIFENGJIAO,LUOXUANNINGJIN,ANSUIJITUZHIYUJINLIJUNINGJIN。

  (12)DUNWEIANZHUANGSHI,YINGANZHAOTUZHIDEYAOQIULAIANZHUANGJIAOJIEMIFENG,JINJIQINANG,NEICEKETUXIAOLIANGHUANGYOU,TONGSHIDIAOJIELUOSHUANKEZAIDIMIANCHUJIN,DAIWANCHENGYUZHONGDUNDELIANJIEHOUJIANGDIAOJIELUOSHUANNINGJINZHIGUIDINGLIANG。ZAISHIYONGZHONGYINGGENJUZHUANWANQINGKUANGJINXINGDIAOZHENG。

  (13)DUNWEIFANGNIUKUAIHANJIESHIYINGDANGZHUNQUEDINGWEI,FANGZHIWEIKAOLVJIAOJIEYOUGANGHUISHOUXINGCHENGERDINGWEIKAOQIAN,ZAOCHENGFANGNIUKUAIDEYIDUANYUFANGNIUZHITUIDEZHOUXIANGGANSHE,ZAOCHENGDUNWEIBUNENGWANQUANHUISHOU。TONGSHIHANJIESHIYINGDANGJINXINGGONGYIKONGZHI,FANGZHIGUOREERSUNSHANGJIAOJIEMIFENGXITONG。

  四、实践应用创新

  SUIZHEZHONGGUODITIEJINGJIDEGAOSUFAZHAN,GESHENGHUICHENGSHIDEDITIEJIANSHEYUELAIYUEMIJI,CONG2013NIANSHENZHENDITIE、2015NIANSHENYANGDITIE、2017NIANNANNINGDITIE、2018NIANWUHANDITIEDAXINGSHEBEIDUNGOUJIDIAOZHUANGGUANLIGUOCHENGSHIJIANLAIKAN,TONGGUODUIYIWANG12GEDUNGOUQUJIANDIAOZHUANGZUOYEJINXINGWANSHAN、GAIJIN,DUNGOUJIDIAOZHUANGJISHUZAIBUDUANDEGAIJINZHONGYUELAIYUECHENGSHU,DUIDIAOZHUANGSHEBEI、JIJUDEXUANYONGYEHUIGENGJIAHELI、GENGJIAWANSHAN;ZAISHIJIANZHONG,DUNGOUJIJIHOUPEITAOSHEBEIZAIYUNSHUHEDIAOZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONGFASHENGDEYIQIEANQUANZHILIANGSHIGUHEDISANFANGSHIGUYOUYIFANGCHENGDANQUANBUZEREN。

  ZAIDITIESHIGONGSHIJIANZHONG,QINZICANYULEYIZHONGDUNGOUHOUPEITAOKUAISUXUANZHUANHENGYIZHUANGZHIDEANZHUANG,BENFANGANDEZHUYAOYUANLISHITONGGUODUNGOUHOUPEITAOKUAISUXUANZHUANHENGYIZHUANGZHI(TU1)SHIXIANDUNGOUHOUPEITAOYUANDIXUANZHUAN180°JIHENGYIMUDE。QISHIGONGCAOZUORUXIA:⑴TONGGUO2GE10DUNQIANJINDINGJIANGDUNGOUHOUPEITAOYIDUANDINGQI,CHAICHUYUANYOUHOUPEITAODEXINGZOULUN。⑵RANHOUCAIYONGM20LUOSHUANTONGGUOLIANJIEBAN1JIANGXUANZHUANHENGYIZHUANGZHIGUDINGZAIYUANHOUPEITAOXINGZOULUNDEWEIZHI。⑶ZAITONGGUOQIANJINDINGJIANGLINGYIDUANHOUPEITAOXINGZOULUNYEGENGHUANWEIXUANZHUANHENGYIZHUANGZHI。⑷XUANZHUANHENGYIZHUANGZHIGUDINGHAOHOU,ZAIHOUPEITAODELIANGDUANCAIYONG10DUNSHOULAHULUSHIJIALALI,SHIZHIJIA3、LUNZI4WEIRAOZHONGXINZHUANDONGZHUANGZHI2XUANZHUAN,CONGERSHIXIANDUNGOUHOUPEITAOJINXING180°XUANZHUANJIHENGYI。⑸XUANZHUAN、HENGYIDAOWEIHOUZAITONGGUO10DUNQIANJINDING,JIANGXUANZHUANHENGYIZHUANGZHICHAICHU,BINGZHONGXINJIANGHOUPEITAOXINGZOULUNFUWEI,JIWANCHENGDUNGOUHOUPEITAOZAIFENGBICHEZHANNEIXUANZHUANHENGYIGONGZUO。BENSHIYONGXINXINGCHEDIJIEJUELEDUNGOUHOUPEITAOZAIFENGBICHEZHANNEIDIAOTOUDEWENTI,CAIYONGGAIXUANZHUANHENGYIZHUANGZHIHOU,SHIGONGZONGGONGQIJIAOCHUANTONGDIAOTOUFANGSHIJIEYUE10TIAN,QIEJIAGONGZHIZUOLIANGJIANSHAO,TONGSHIXUANZHUANHENGYIZHUANGZHIKEZHONGFUSHIYONG,JIEYUECHENGBEN。

  ZAIDITIESHIGONGSHIJIANZHONG,QINZICANYULEYIZHONGYUNJIANGCHECHOUJIANGZHUANGZHIDEANZHUANG,BENSHIYONGXINXINGDEZHUYAOYUANLISHITONGGUOLISHINIJIANGBENGKONGZHIJUKONGZHIKAIGUAN。QISHIGONGCAOZUORUXIA:⑴SHOUXIANDAIDIANPINGCHEDAODAFANGJIANGZHIDINGWEIZHI,TONGZHIFANGJIANGSHOUJIETONGLISHINIJIANGBENGKONGZHIJUDIANYUAN。(2)FANGJIANGSHOUJIANGFANGJIANGKOUYUTAICHECHUJIANGGUANLIANJIE,QIDONGLISHINIJIANGBENGKONGZHIJUKAISHICHOUJIANG。(3)DAIJIANGYECHOUWANTINGZHILISHINIJIANGBENGKONGZHIJU,KAISHIXIANGYUNJIANGCHENEIJINXINGCHONGXI2FENZHONG。(4)DAKAIWUSHUIKOUQIUFA,QIDONGLISHINIJIANGBENGKONGZHIJU,DAICHONGXIDEWUSHUICHOUJINJIKE。BENSHIYONGXINXINGCHEDIJIEJUEYUANYOUDEWOSHINIJIANGBENGDEQUEXIAN,CAIYONGLISHINIJIANGBENGCHOUJIANGHOUJIEJUELESHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGCHOUJIANGBENGDUSAIXIANXIANGHEJIANGDILEWEIBAOGUOCHENGZHONGDEANQUANFENGXIAN,YOUYUANLAIXUTINGGONGQINGLIGAIJINDAOWUXUQINGLI,DADATIGAOLESHIGONGXIAOLV。

  ZAIDITIESHIGONGSHIJIANZHONG,QINZICANYULESHENYANGDITIEDONGBEIDAMALUZHAN-PANGJIANGJIEKENIXIAOZONGJIE,KENIXIAOKONGZHIDIMIANCHENJIANGDEFANGFASHIYIZHONGWANQUANCHUANGXINDEFANGFA,SHOUXIANZAISHIGONGGONGYISHANGKENIXIAOTIANBULEDUNGOUJUEJINGUOCHENGZHONG,KONGZHIDUNTISHANGFANGCHENJIANGKONGZHIDEKONGBAI。ZAIYUANYOUDUNGOUSHIGONGDIMIANCHENJIANGKONGZHIZHONG,ZHISHIDUIJUEJINCHENGZIMIANQIANFANGJISHANGFANGDIBIAODEKONGZHICAIQULEYIXIECUOSHI,CAIYONGKUAISUTONGGUODEJUEJINFANGFA,RANHOUCAIYONGTONGBUZHUJIANG、ERCIZHUJIANGDEFANGSHIJINXINGGUANPIANJIANXITIANCHONGCHENJIANGKONGZHIJIHOUXUXIAXIANDEKONGZHI。

  JUEJINGUOCHENGZHONGDUNQIAOWAIZHURUPENGRUNTUDEFANGFA,DANSHOUDAOPENGRUNTUCAILIAOBENSHENXINGZHIDEXIANZHI,PENGRUNTUJIANGYELIUDONGXINGJIAOQIANG,HENNANQIDAOZHICHENGTIANCHONGZUOYONG,DABUDAOKONGZHICHENJIANGDEXIAOGUO。RANERKENIXIAOJIANGYEKETONGGUOTONGSHUIBOLIDEBUTONGHUNHEBILI,KEDIAOJIEKENIXIAOJIANGYEDENINGGUQIANGDUJININGGUSUDU,KEMANZUDUNTIWAICEDETIANCHONGZUOYONGDANYOUMEIYOUSHUINI-SHUIBOLIJIANGYEDEZUIZHONGQIANGDU,SHIDUNTIYOUKASIDEFENGXIAN。TONGGUOBENCIKENIXIAOSHIGONGCUOSHI,GENJUFANGWUJIANCESHUJUFANYING,CAIYONGKENIXIAOZHUJIANGNENGGOUGENGHAODEKONGZHIDUNGOUJUEJINSHIYINQIDEDICENGBIANXINGJIDIBIAOJIANZHUWUDECHENJIANG,DUIBAOZHENGDIBIAOLIANGDONGFANGWUDEBIANXINGJICHENJIANGKONGZHIZAIYUNXUFANWEINEIQIDAOLELIANGHAODEXIAOGUO。WOMENJIAOHAODIZHANGWODUNGOUJIYIXILIEDAXINGSHEBEIANQUANDIAOZHUANGJISHUYUNYONGJISHIJIANYINGYONGCHUANGXIN,QUEBAODUNGOUSHEBEIDIAOZHUANGWANHAOLVDA98%YISHANG,WEIQIYEGONGQI、ZHILIANGZENGXIAO,JIEYUECHENGBENZHICHUSHUWANYUAN。

  CANKAOWENXIAN:

  (1)XIEHUHUI,LIXIAOMING,DUNGOUSHEBEIDIAOZHUANGLILUNYANJIUYUGUANJIANJISHU[J],SHIGONGJISHU,2014

  (2)DUYONG,DUNGOUJIDIAOZHUANGJISHU[A],ZHONGGUODUNGOUJISHUXUESHUYANTAOHUIWENJI[C],2011

  (3)LUOYIN,QIANTANDUNGOUJICHAIXIEJIDIAOZHUANGJISHU[A],SHANXIJIANZHU,2007