反波胆怎么选最稳

束昱:我国城市综合管廊建设现状趋势及海绵城市的上海战略

来源:路讯

  束昱:我国城市综合管廊建设现状趋势及海绵城市的上海战略

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  导语:

  SHUYU,TONGJIDAXUEJIAOSHOU、TONGJIDIXIAKONGJIANYANJIUYUANYUANZHANG、QUANQIUCHENGSHIDIXIAKONGJIANYANJIUHUILISHIZHANG、RIBENDONGJINGGONGYEDAXUEKEZUOYANJIUYUAN、YINGGUOHUANGJIATEXUJIANZAOSHI。SHIWOGUOCHENGSHIDIXIAKONGJIANHEZONGHEGUANLANGGUIHUASHEJILILUNFANGFAYUBIAOZHUN、CHENGSHIDIXIAKONGJIANHEXIEXUQIUYUCELILUN、DIXIAKONGJIANHUANJINGYURENTIXIANGHUZUOYONGLILUN、DIXIAKONGJIANHUANJINGSHENGTAIHUAJISHUJICHENGYINGYONGLILUN、DIXIAKONGJIANSHIYONGANQUANPINGJIAFANGFA、DIXIAKONGJIANHUANJINGYISHUSHEJILILUNYUFANGFA、DIXIAKONGJIANFANGZAIYOUDAOBIAOZHIDEGUIHUASHEJILILUNYUFANGFA、HAIMIANCHENGSHI、DIXIAKONGJIAN、ZONGHEGUANLANGGUIHUASHEJIJIJIANGURENFANGDENGFANGMIANDEXIANXINGYANJIUHEKAITUOCHUANGXINZHE,GUONEIWAIZHUMINGCHENGSHIDIXIAKONGJIANYURENJUHUANJINGYANJIUZHUANJIA。XIANHOUWANCHENG50YUXIANGGUOJIAJISHENGSHIWEITUODEKEYANZIXUNJIBEISHANGGUANGSHENDENG70XIANGCHENGSHIDIXIAKONGJIAN、RENFANGGONGCHENG、ZONGHEGUANLANGDENGZHUANXIANGGUIHUABIANYAN。

  ZUOWEI“ZHONGHUADIYIGOU”(1994NIANSHANGHAIPUDONGZHANGYANGLUGONGTONGGOU)DEKETIYANJIUYUGONGCHENGSHEJIJISHUZONGJIAN,YIJIWOGUO《CHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGGONGCHENGJISHUGUIFAN》(GB50838-2015/2012)DEZHUSHEN,SHUYUJIAOSHOUKEWEISHIZHONGGUODALUCHENGSHIDIXIAZONGHEGUANLANGYANJIUYUSHIJIANDEXIANXINGZHE。YOUWEIJINJINIAN,WOGUOZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHERECHAODIEQI,SHUYUJIAOSHOUZAIKEXUEYANJIUYUGONGCHENGJISHUZIXUNDENGGONGZUOSHANGGENGJIAFANMANG。YOUYUSHUJIAOSHOUSHIJIANBINGCANGUANKAOCHAGUORIBEN、FAGUO、XINJIAPO、WOGUOTAIWANDIQUJIDALUJISHIGECHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGXIANGMU,YINCI,DUIZONGHEGUANLANGGUIHUASHEJIJIANSHEGUANLIDENGFANGMIANDERENZHIRIYISHENKE。BENWENJIUSHISHUYUJIAOSHOUDUIWOGUOCHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHEXIANZHUANGQUSHIJIHAIMIANCHENGSHIFAZHANDESHANGHAIZHANLVEYIXITAN。

  我国城市综合管廊建设现状及发展趋势

  SUIZHECHENGZHENHUABUFADEBUDUANJIAKUAI,CHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHEYEBURUKUAICHEDAO。2015NIAN4YUE,CAIZHENGBUYUZHUJIANBULIANHEGONGBULEDIYIPIDIXIAZONGHEGUANLANGSHIDIANCHENGSHI:BAOTOU、SHENYANG、HAERBIN、SUZHOU、SHAMEN、SHIYAN、ZHANGSHA、HAIKOU、LIUPANSHUI、BAIYIN;TONGSHI,HAITEPIJILINSHENGKAIZHANQUANSHENGCHENGSHISHIDIAN,JISUOWEI“10+1”MOSHI。JIEZHEYOUZAI2016NIAN4YUEGONGBUDIERPI15ZUOCHENGSHIWEISHIDIANCHENGSHI。YUCITONGSHI,DUIDIYIPISHIDIANDEPINGGUYIZHANKAI,CHENGJIBUCUO。

   世界上早就开始了综合管廊建设

  GONGYEGEMINGKAISHIZUIZAODEDIFANG,ZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHEQIBUYEZUIZAO。1833NIAN,FAGUOBALIWEILEJIEJUEDIMIANWURAN、WUSHUIPAIFANGJISHIZHENGGUANXIANDEFUSHE,TIGAOHUANJINGZHILIANG,KAISHIXINGJIANZONGHEGUANLANG。DAOMUQIANWEIZHI,BALIYIJINGJIANCHENGZONGZHANGDUYUE2400GONGLI、XITONGJIAOWEIWANSHANDEDIXIAPAISHUIDAOJIZONGHEGUANLANGWANGLUO。19SHIJI,DEGUOHANBAOYEKAISHIJIANSHEZONGHEGUANLANG,HOULAIZAIQUANDELIUXINGKAILAI。SUIRANCHUSHITOUZIJIAOGAO,DANZHANGQIDEYUNXINGSHIJIANBIAOMING,QIYUNYINGZONGTICHENGBENDI、HUANBAO、KECHIXUFAZHANDENGYOUSHI,KEWEIYILAOYONGYI。

  20SHIJI,RIMEIDAXINGZONGHEGUANLANG。RIBEN1926NIANZAIDONGJINGDOUKAISHIGONGTONGGOU(ZONGHEGUANLANG)JIANSHESHIDIAN,1963NIANBANBU“GONGTONGGOUTEBIECUOSHIFA”,ZHI2001NIANYIJIANCHENG600YUGONGLIDEGONGTONGGOU,BINGXINGCHENGLEWANSHANDEJISHUBIAOZHUNYUGUANLIFAGUI。1995NIANRIBENBANSHENDADIZHENQIJIAN,SHENHUSHINEIDALIANGFANGWUDAOTA、DAOLUBEIHUI,DANZHENQUGONGTONGGOUQUEDADUOWANHAOWUSUN,ZHEIDADAJIANQINGLEZHENHOUJIUZAIHEZHONGJIANGONGZUODENANDU。MEIGUOZI1960NIANDAIQIKAISHIZONGHEGUANLANGDEYANJIU,1971NIANKAISHIJIANSHEZONGHEGUANLANG,JIAOJUDAIBIAOXINGDEWEINIUYUESHICONGSHUHEXIACHUANYUEBINGLIANJIEASITUOLIYA(Astoria)HEDIYUMENDAIZHIWUYUAN(HellGateGeneratioPlants)DEAIDISHENGSHIZHENGGUANXIANSUIDAO(ConsolidatedEdisonTunnel)。GAISHIZHENGGUANXIANSUIDAO(ZONGHEGUANLANG)ZHANGYUE1554MI,GAO6-7MI,SHOUNAYOU345kVSHUPEIDIANLILANXIAN、DIANXINLANXIAN、WUSHUIGUANHEZILAISHUIGUAN。

  CIWAI,1933NIAN,QIANSULIANZAIMOSIKE、LIENINGGELE、JIFUDENGDIXIUJIANLEZONGHEGUANLANG。1953NIAN,XIBANYAZAIMADELIXIUJIANZONGHEGUANLANG,HAIYOUSIDEGEERMO、BASAILUONEI、NIUYUE、DUOLUNDUO、MENGTELIER、LIANG、AOSILUDENGCHENGSHI,DOUJIANYOUJIAOWANBEIDEZONGHEGUANLANGXITONG。

  综合管廊用途是什么,怎么建?

  HEWEIZONGHEGUANLANG?ZONGHEGUANLANG(RIBENCHENG“GONGTONGGOU”,TAIWANDIQUCHENG“GONGTONGGUANDAO”),JIUSHICHENGSHIDIXIASHIZHENGGUANXIANDEZONGHEZOULANG。JIZAICHENGSHIDIXIAJIANZAOYIGESUIDAOKONGJIAN,JIANGDIANLI、TONGXUN,RANQI、GONGRE、JIPAISHUIDENGGELEIGUANXIANJIHEPUSHEYUYITI,SHEYOUZHUANMENDEJIANXIUKOU、DIAOZHUANGKOUHEJIANCEXITONG,SHISHITONGYIGUIHUA、TONGYISHEJI、TONGYIJIANSHEHEGUANLI,SHIBAOZHANGCHENGSHIANQUANGAOXIAOYUNXINGDEZHONGYAO“SHENGMINGXIAN”GONGCHENG。RUGUOMEIZUOCHENGSHIDOUJIANYOUZONGHEGUANLANG,“MALULALIAN”JIBENJIUKEYIJUEJI。

  ZONGHEGUANLANGANQIGONGNENGKEFENWEIGANXIANGUANLANG、ZHIXIANGUANLANG、GANZHIHUNHEGUANLANGJILANXIANGUANLANG。ZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHESHEJIDAOFAZHIJIANSHE、BIAOZHUNJIANSHEDENGGUOJIACENGMIANDEWENTI,YAOLIQINGGUANXIANDEYONGTURUWUSHUI、YUSHUI、RANQIDENGGUANXIANRULANGDEWENTITEDIAN,YAOZONGHEKAOLVKANGZHEN、RENFANG、XIAOFANG、FANGLAODENGZONGHEFANGZAIXIANGJIEHEWENTI,HAIYAOYUGUIDAOJIAOTONG、GUANXIANZONGHE、FANGHONGPAILAO、HAIMIANCHENGSHI、DIXIAKONGJIANDENGDUOXIANGZHUANYEGUIHUADEXIANJIEWENTI;LINGWAILVSECAILIAO、GONGYI、JISHUDENGKEJIJICHENGCHUANGXINWENTI,DASHUJU、WULIANWANG、BIM、JIQIRENDENGZHIHUIYUNYINGWEIHURUHEGUANCHEDAOQUANSHOUMINGZHOUQIDEWENTI,DENGDENG。

  ZONGHEGUANLANGDEJIANZAO,FANGSHIDUOYANG。CHANGJIANDEFANGFASHIMINGWAFA、ANWAFA,SUIZHEKEXUEJISHUDEFAZHAN,DUNGOUFA、YUZHIPINZHUANGGONGFAYEHENCHANGJIAN。1933NIAN,QIANSULIANKAISHIZAIMOSIKEJIANSHEZONGHEGUANLANG,HAIZAILIENINGGELE(SHENGBIDEBAO)、JIFUDENGCHENGSHIDAOLUJIANSHESHIPEITAOJIANSHELEZONGHEGUANLANG,BINGCAIQUYUZHIPINZHUANGGONGFAJIANSHEZONGHEGUANLANG。

  JINNIANLAICHUXIANDEZHUANGPEISHIBOWENGANGZHIZONGHEGUANLANGJIANG1.6-12HAOMIDEBOGANGBANYACHENGBOWENHOU,ZHICHENGGUANJIEHUOBANPIAN,ZUIHOUZUOCHENGGUANLANG,ZHEIZHONGGUANLANGSHIYIZHONGJIYOUGANGXINGYEJUROUXINGDEBENTIJIEGOU,JUYOUYIDINGDEKANGZHENNENGLI,QIENENGJIAOHAOSHIYINGJIAODADECHENJIANGYUBIANXING,NENGYUZHOUWEITUTIXINGCHENGZUHE,GONGTONGSHOULI。GUANLANGHAIYOUYUANXINGSHUANGCANG、GONGXINGSANCANG、MATIXINGSHUANGCANGBINGPAIDENGJIEGOUXINGSHI,ZHUANGPEISHIGUANLANGJUYOUGONGCHENGZAOJIADI、GUANTIQIANGDUGAO、SHIGONGGONGQIDUAN、NAIJIUXINGQIANG、SHOUMINGZHANG、KANGZHENKANGBIANXINGNENGLIQIANGQIELIYUHUANBAODENGYOUDIAN。GANGZHIGUANLANGZAIWOGUODESHANDONGRIZHAOJICHANG、LIAONINGQIPANSHANGUOJIHUIYIZHONGXINYIYOUYINGYONG,JUYOUJIAOHAOFAZHANQIANJING。

  ZAISHIJIEGUANLANGJIANSHE180DUONIANDELISHIZHONG,CHUANGXINSHIGUANCHESHIZHONGDECIHUI。SHOUXIANSHILINIANCHUANGXIN,XINGUANXIANDEPUSHEFANGFAZAISHIJIEGEDIBUDUANYONGXIAN;GONGNENGBUDUANFENGFU,XIANGDONGJINGLINHAIFUDOUXINDESHIZHENGJICHUSHESHIRUSHANGXIASHUI、GONGDIANTONGXIN、RANQI、LENGNUANQIHELAJISHOUJIXITONGLIANJIEDAOMEIZUOJIANZHU,SHIZHENGGUANXIANYOU10ZHONGZHIDUO,CHUYUSHUIGUANDAOWAIQIYU9ZHONGGUANXIANDEQUANBUNARUGONGTONGGOUNEI,SHIXINGXINCHENGZHONGXINQUSHIZHENGGUANXIANTIXIZAIZAO,HENHAODISHIXIANLESHIZHENGGUANXIANJIGONGTONGGOUDEGAOXIAOYUNXING。

  我国的综合管廊建设处于什么水平,趋势如何?

  ZONGGUANSHIJIEZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHE,ZHENGFUZHONGSHI、GUIHUAXIANXING、FAZHIBAOZHANGDOUSHISHIFENXIANMINGDETEDIAN,ERZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHEZHUYAOJIZHONGZAICHENGSHIXINQU、XINCHENGJIZHONGXINCHENGQUGENGXINGAIZAODENGFANGMIAN。

  WOGUOCHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGTANSUOXINGJIANSHESHIYU1959NIANTIANANMENGUANGCHANG,ZHANGQIANYUMI、NEIKUAN3.4MIDELANGDAONEIFUSHERELI、DIANLI、TONGXIN、JISHUIDENGSIZHONGGUANXIAN。GAIGEKAIFANGHOUDE1994NIAN,SHANGHAISHIPUDONGXINQUGUIHUAJIANSHELEYITIAODAGUIMO、ZHANGJULIDEXIANDAIHUAZONGHEGUANLANG-ZHANGYANGLUGONGTONGGOU(BEIYEJIEMEIYUWEIZHONGHUADIYILANG)。GAIZONGHEGUANLANGSHUYUZHIXIANGUANLANG,BUZHIZAIZHANGYANGLULIANGCE,ZONGZHANGDU11.125GONGLI,GUANLANGNEISHOURONGLEJISHUI、DIANLI、XINXIYUMEIQIDENGSIZHONGGUANXIAN。SUIHOUZAIGUONEIDEBEIJINGZHONGGUANCUN、GUANGZHOUDAXUECHENG、QINGDAOGAOXINQU、SHANGHAISHIBOYUANDENGXINQUJINXINGLESHIDIANJIANSHE。ZI2015NIANGUOJIAKAISHIQUANMIANTUIJINSHIDIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEHOU,ZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHEJINRUXINJIEDUAN,JIN2016NIANDUJIUWANCHENG2005GONGLIDEGUANLANGKAIGONGJIANSHE,YUJIDAO2020NIANQUANGUOJIANSHEJIANGCHAOGUO10000GONGLI,JIANGCHENGWEISHIJIECHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGGUIHUAJIANSHEDAGUO。

  2016NIAN,GUOJIAZHUJIANBUHECAIZHENGBUDUIDIYIPISHIDIANZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHEDECHENGSHIJINXINGJIXIAOPINGJIA,SHAMENWEIJUDIYI,QIANWUWEIYICISHISHAMEN、LIUPANSHUI、BAIYIN、BAOTOU、ZHANGSHA。

  SHAMENMOSHIYOUQIZHIDEDIANZAN。ZUOWEIDIYIPISHIDIANCHENGSHI,SHAMENSHIJIANGZONGHEGUANLANGZUOWEICHENGSHIZHUANXINGFAZHANDEZHONGYAOZHUASHOU,JIANCHISHIYONGWEIXIAN、GUIHUAXIANXING、YINDIZHIYI,MUQIANQUANSHIYIJIANCHENGYUNYINGDEGANZHIXIANGUANLANG24.58GONGLI、LANXIANGUANLANG50.46GONGLI,YIRULANGDESHIZHENGGUANXIANZONGZHANGCHAOGUO270GONGLI;ZAIJIANDEGANZHIXIANGUANLANGDA52.68GONGLI,LANXIANGUANLANG31.17GONGLI。2016NIAN8YUE5RI,ZAISHAMENZHAOKAIDEQUANGUOCHENGSHIDIXIAGUANLANGJIANSHEGONGZUOZUOTANHUISHANG,ZHUJIANBUZUZHIDE100YUWEIZHUANJIAFENFENDIANZANSHAMENJINGYAN,CHENGQIWEI“SHAMENMOSHI”:GUONEILVXIANZONGJIEBINGDAGUIMOCAIYONGYUZHIPINZHUANGFAJINXINGZONGHEGUANLANGSHIGONG;LVXIANSHIDIANYUWUSHUIGUANHERANQIGUANRULANG;LVXIANYINRUSHEHUIZIBEN,CAIYONGPPPMOSHICANYUJIANSHEGUANLI;LVXIANJIANGRUODIANGUANXIANRONGRUDITIEXIANYOUDUANMIANKONGJIAN;LVXIANSHIXINGZONGHEGUANLANGYOUCHANGSHIYONGZHIDU;LVXIANCHUTAIDIFANGGUANLANGJISHUGUIFAN。YINGGAISHUO,SHAMENSHIZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHEDE“LIUGELVXIAN”WEIQUANGUOZONGHEGUANLANGDEFAZHANTIGONGLEKESHIFAN、KEJIEJIAN、KETUIGUANGDEYANGBAN。

  LIKEQIANGZONGLIZAI2016NIANDE《ZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAO》ZHONGTICHU,KAIGONGJIANSHECHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANG2000GONGLIYISHANG,PEIHELVSEJIANZHUHEJIANCAIDETUIGUANG、ZHIHUICHENGSHIDEDAZAO,RANGWEILAICHENGSHIBIANDEGENGJIAYIJU。ZHEIGEDONGYUANLINGKAIQILECHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHEDEXINSHIDAI,TUIJINCHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHE,TONGCHOUGELEISHIZHENGGUANXIANGUIHUA、JIANSHEHEGUANLI,KEYOUXIAOJIEJUEFANFUKAIWALUMIAN、JIAKONGXIANWANGMIJI、GUANXIANSHIGUPINFADENGWENTI,YOULIYUBAOZHANGCHENGSHIANQUAN、WANSHANCHENGSHIGONGNENG、MEIHUACHENGSHIJINGGUAN、CUJINCHENGSHIJIYUEGAOXIAOHEZHUANXINGFAZHAN,YOULIYUTIGAOCHENGSHIZONGHECHENGZAINENGLIHECHENGZHENHUAFAZHANZHILIANG。

  DANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANYAOQIUBAZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHEZUOWEILVXINGZHENGFUZHINENG、WANSHANCHENGSHIJICHUSHESHIDEZHONGYAONEIRONG。YAOQIUDAO2020NIAN,JIANCHENGYIPIJUYOUGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPINGDEZONGHEGUANLANGBINGTOURUYUNYING,FANFUKAIWADIMIANDE“MALULALIAN”WENTIMINGXIANGAISHAN,GUANXIANANQUANSHUIPINGHEFANGZAIKANGZAINENGLIMINGXIANTISHENG,ZHUBUXIAOCHUZHUYAOJIEDAOZHIZHUWANGSHIJIAKONGXIAN,CHENGSHIDIMIANJINGGUANMINGXIANHAOZHUAN。

  ZHUJIANBUDEZUIXINTONGJISHUJU,JIEZHI2016NIANDI,QUANGUO147GECHENGSHI28GEXIANYILEIJIKAIGONGJIANSHECHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANG2005GONGLI,QUANMIANWANCHENGLENIANDUMUBIAORENWU。YINIANLAI,ZHUJIANBUZAIYOUGUANBUMENHEGUOJIAKAIFAYINXINGDENGJINRONGJIGOUZHICHIXIA,TONGGUOFENJIERENWU、DUIJIEXIANGMU、WANSHANBIAOZHUN、ZHIDAOSHIDIAN、JIAQIANGXUNCHADIAODUYIJISHIDIDUDAODENGDUOZHONGCUOSHI,JIJITUIJINCHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGJIANSHE。

  我国城市综合管廊如何建?

  WOGUOCHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGYINGGAIRUHEJIAN?WORENWEIGUOJIACENGMIANDEHONGGUANGUIHUAYINGGAIYUXINJINCHUTAIDEGUOTUKONGJIANGUIHUAJIEHEQILAI,LIZUYU“LITI+ZONGHE+XIEDIAO+HEXIE”DECHENGSHIFAZHANMOSHI。WOGUOCHENGSHIZUIJINQUEDESHITUDIZIYUAN,YINGJIANGCHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANG、DITIE、DIXIADAOLU、DIXIATINGCHECHANG、DIXIAJIEJIZONGHETIDENGTONGYINARUCHENGSHIDIXIAKONGJIANSHUXIANGGUIHUA,ZONGHELIYONGHAODIXIA1MI-100MIDESHUXIANGKONGJIAN,JIANGGUIDAOJIAOTONG、ZONGHEGUANLANG、HAIMIANCHENGSHI、CHENGSHIFANGZAI、ZHIHUICHENGSHI、PENGHUQUGAIZAO、CHENGSHISHUANGXIUDENGZONGHEKAOLV,RANGGUIDAOJIAOTONG、DIXIATINGCHE、DIXIADAOLU,CHENGSHISHENGMINGXIANXITONG、CHENGSHIZONGHEFANGZAIJIPINGZHANJIEHERENFANGGONGCHENG、JIYOUDIXIAKONGJIANSHESHIDEGENGXINGAIZAORONGWEIYITI,DAZAOCHENGSHIPINZHIGAODASHANGDEDIXIASHIJIE。

  TONGSHI,CHENGSHIDIXIAKONGJIANJIZONGHEGUANLANGDEGONGCHENGJISHUYUZHUANGBEIYEJIXUYANJIUYUCHUANGXIN。RUTURANGXIUFUYUZAISHENGJISHU、ANWAJISHUYUZHUANGBEI、LVSECAILIAOYUGONGFA、YUNYINGGUANLIYUWEIHUDOUYOUTISHENGDEKONGJIAN。XIANGXINXINGSHENCENGDUNGOUYUDINGJINJISHUZHUANGBEI、YUZHIZHUANGPEISHIGOUJIANYUJIXIEHUASHIGONG、“DASHUJU+WULIANWANG+BIM+GISDESANWEIKESHIHUAXINXIPINGTAI”DENGDEQUANSHOUMINGZHOUQIZHIHUIHUAYUNWEIDENGDOUWEIGUANLIBUMEN、ZHUANJIAXUEZHE、QIYETIGONGLEGUANGKUODEWUTAI。

   海绵城市的上海战略略说

   何谓海绵城市?

  HAIMIANCHENGSHIYIJINGSHIGELAOGAINIANLE。2013NIAN12YUE,ZHONGYANGCHENGZHENHUAGONGZUOHUIYITICHUYOUXIANKAOLVJIANSHE“HAIMIANCHENGSHI”。NEICIHUIYISHANG,XIJINPINGQIANGDIAO,YAOYOUXIANKAOLVGENGDUOLIYONGZIRANLILIANGPAISHUI,JIANSHEZIRANJICUN、ZIRANSHENTOU、ZIRANJINGHUADE“HAIMIANCHENGSHI”。LIKEQIANGZONGLIZAIJINNIANDEZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAOZHONGZHICHU,YAOTONGCHOUCHENGSHIDISHANGDIXIAJIANSHE,ZAIKAIGONGJIANSHECHENGSHIDIXIAZONGHEGUANLANG2000GONGLIYISHANG,QIDONGXIAOCHUCHENGQUZHONGDIANYILAOQUDUANSANNIANXINGDONG,TUIJINHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHE,SHICHENGSHIJIYOU“MIANZI”,GENGYOU“LIZI”。

  HEWEIHAIMIANCHENGSHI?HAIMIANCHENGSHI,SHIXINYIDAICHENGSHIYUHONGGUANLIGAINIAN,SHIZHICHENGSHIZAISHIYINGHUANJINGBIANHUAHEYINGDUIYUSHUIDAILAIDEZIRANZAIHAIDENGFANGMIANJUYOULIANGHAODE“DANXING”,YEKECHENGZHIWEI“SHUIDANXINGCHENGSHI”。GUOJITONGYONGSHUYUWEI“DIYINGXIANGKAIFAYUSHUIXITONGGOUJIAN”。XIAYUSHIXISHUI、XUSHUI、SHENSHUI、JINGSHUI、PAISHUI,XUYAOSHIJIANGXUCUNDESHUI“SHIFANG”BINGJIAYILIYONG。

  HAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEKERANGCHENGSHI“DANXINGSHIYING”HUANJINGBIANHUAYUZIRANZAIHAI,BAOHUYUANYOUSHUISHENGTAIXITONG、HUIFUBEIPOHUAISHUISHENGTAI、TUIXINGDIYINGXIANGKAIFA、TONGGUODIYINGXIANGCUOSHIJIQIXITONGZUHEYOUXIAOJIANSHAODIBIAOSHUIJINGLIULIANG,JIANQINGBAOYUDUICHENGSHIYUNXINGDEYINGXIANG。YEJIUSHISHUO,ZAICHENGZHENJIANSHEZHONG,NEIZHONGGEDUANCHENGSHI、RENYUZIRANGUANXIDEXINGWEI,XIANGCHANGJIANDESHUINILUMIAN、YINGHUAGUANGCHANGYAOGAIBIANLE。

  WOGUOQUEDINGDEHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEGUANCHELIUZIFANGZHEN:SHEN、ZHI、XU、JING、YONG、PAI。JUTISHUO,JIUSHIYAOFAHUISHESHI、TURANG,DISHANG、DIXIADEHELI,RANGCHENGSHIBIANDEYIJU,ERBUSHIYIDAOXIAYUBIAN“MALUSHANGKAIJUNJIAN”。

  国外海绵城市都做了哪些功课?

  GUOWAIGONGYEHUAZAO,CHENGSHILAOZIXIANXIANGCHUXIANDEGENGZAO,SUOYIBALI、LUNDUN、MUNIHEI、NIUYUE、DONGJINGDENGCHENGSHIDEYUHONGGUANDAOJIANSHEKAISHIDEZAO。BALIDEXIASHUIDAOJUNCHUZAIBALISHIDIMIANYIXIA30-50MI,BALIRENQIANHOUGONGHUALE126NIANDESHIJIANCAIXIUJIANCHENGGONG。SHUIDAOZONGHENGJIAOCUO,MIRUZHUWANG,ZONGZHANG2347QIANMI,GUIMOYUANCHAOBALIDITIE,XIANGDANGYUBALIDAOYISITANBUERDEJULI,NANGUAIYUSHUIDAOLEBALIDEDIMIANBIANXUNSULEWUZONGYING。RUJIN,BALISHENZHIHAILIYONGCHENGSHIDIXIADEXIASHUIDAOBANQILEBOWUGUAN,KAIFALVYOU。

  BALIDEXIASHUIDAOKUANCHANGDECHURENYILIAO:ZHONGJIANSHIKUANYUE3MIDEPAISHUIDAO,LIANGPANGSHIKUANYUE1MIDEGONGJIANXIURENYUANTONGXINGDEBIANDAO,DINGBUSHIJIASHEHUODIAOZHUANGDESHIZHENGGUANXIAN,ZUIZAODECHENGSHIZONGHEGUANLANGJIUSHIYIXIASHUIDAONEIJIASHEGUANXIANERQI。BALIDEXIASHUIDAOHAIYOUYILIANCHUANSHUZIKEYISHUOMINGZHEIYIPAISHUITIXIDEFADA:YUE2.6WANGEXIASHUIDAOGAI、6000DUOGEDIXIAXUSHUICHI、1300DUOMINGZHUANYEWEIHUGONG……

  SUIZHECHENGSHIRENKOUDEZENGZHANG,BALIDEGONGCHENGSHIMENHAIXIUJIANLE4TIAOZHIJINGWEI4MI、ZONGZHANGWEI34QIANMIDEPAISHUIQU,YIBIANTONGGUOJINGHUAZHANDUIYUSHUIHEFEISHUIJINXINGCHULI,CHULIGUODESHUIYIBUFENPAIDAOJIAOWAIHUOZHELIURUSAINAHE,LINGYIBUFENZETONGGUOFEIYINYONGSHUIGUANDAOXUNHUANSHIYONG。JIEZHI1999NIAN,BALIWANCHENGLEDUICHENGSHIFEISHUIHEYUSHUIDE100%CHULI,HAISAINAHEYIGEMIANSHOUWURANDESHUIZHI。

  HELANSHIZHUMINGDEDIDIGUOJIA,YUSHUIDUOSHICHANGTAI。CONGMINGDEHELANRENYINSHILIDAODIZAILUTEDANJIANQILESHUIGUANGCHANG,TAMENJIANGSHUIZIYUANCUNCHUZAIGONGGONGKEJIANDEPENDI。BenthempleinSHUISHANGGUANGCHANGDESANGEPENDI,DOUBEIHUISHANGLEBUTONGSHENDUDELANSE,FANGFOQIHOUTUSHANGDEDENGYAXIAN。KAIFANGDEBUXIUGANGJUCHIXINGSHUICAOHEWEIRUODEGUANGDAIROUHEZAIGUANGCHANGDEDIMIANSHANG,TAMENBUJINKEYISHUSONGSHUI,TONGSHIHAISHILUNHUAAIHAOZHEDETIANTANG。QIZHONGZUISHENDEPENDILISHEYOUJINGQIANGPUBU,PUBUDELIULIANGSHIYOUJIANGYULIANGLAIJUEDINGDE,SHUIYOUPUBUZUIZHONGLIURUDAOPENDIZHONG。ZHEIYANG,YANYANXIARILIZHEIXIESHUICHIWEIYUANBENRENKOUMIJIDELUTEDANDAILAILEYISILVYI。BUJINRUCI,HELANDECHENGSHIGUIHUASHIYUGONGCHENGSHIHAIZHENDUIYUSHUIWENTIZHIDINGLEYITAO“SHUIGUIHUA”,TONGGUOCAIYONGJINGGUANYUGONGCHENGXIANGJIEHEDETONGCHOUTUJING,JIANGCHENGSHINEIYOUXIAOXUSHUIYUGONGGONGKONGJIANJIEHEQILAI,JINERFAZHANCHUBAOKUOXIACHENGUANGCHANG、LINGHUODEJIEDAODUANMIAN、SHUIQIQIU,YIJILANJIEPOMIANDEBADENGDUOGEGONGGONGKONGJIANYUANXING(Prototype)。KEYIGENJUJUTIHUANJINGDECHIDU、KONGJIANDESHIYONG、CHUCUNYUSHUIDENENGLIYAOQIUYINGYONGYUBUTONGDEDIDIAN。LUTEDANYUSHUIGUANGCHANGJIUSHIZAIZHEIYI“SHUIGUIHUA”ZHIDAOXIAJUTISHISHIDEZHUDUOYUANXINGZHIYI。

  LEISIDEGUIHUAZAIRIBEN、XINJIAPODENGGUOYIGUANGFANYINGYONG。

  SHANGHAIHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHECONGHERUSHOU、YOUHEYUANJING?

  HAIMIANCHENGSHIZAIQUANGUOCHENGZHENHUAGONGZUOHUIYIZHIHOUQUANMIANSHIDIAN,SHANGHAIZAI2016NIANCHENGWEIGUOJIADISANPISHIDIANCHENGSHI。

  QISHI,SHANGHAIDEHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHECONG2016NIANCHUJIUQIDONGLE,DANGNIANSHISHIDESHINENGYUANHESHUIZIYUANXIAOHAO、JIANSHEYONGDIDENGZONGLIANGHEQIANGDUSHUANGKONGXINGDONG。YONGSHANGHAISHICHENGXIANGJIANSHEWEIDEZONGJIE,YISHIYANJIUZHIDINGTUIJINSHANGHAISHIHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEDESHISHIYIJIAN,ERSHIYAOYANJIUZHIDINGSHIHESHANGHAITEDIANDEHAIMIANCHENGSHIDEBIAOZHUNTIXI。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,DUIHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEGUIHUA、JIANSHEJINXINGTONGYIBUSHU,JIEHESHANGHAIJIAOQUXINCHENG、LIUDAZHONGDIANGONGNENGQUYU、WUDAZHUANXINGQUYUHECHENGPIANKAIFAQUYUDEJIANSHETUIJIN。

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  SHANGHAISHIFABUDEHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHESHISHIYIJIANTICHUDAO2020NIANDEJIBENMUBIAOSHI:LVDIXITONG、JIANZHUYUXIAOQU、DAOLUYUGUANGCHANG、PAISHUIXITONGDENGXINJIAN、GAIJIANGONGCHENGJIANGDAHAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEGUIHUAYOUGUANMUBIAOHEZHIBIAO,SHIDIANQUYUNIANJINGLIUZONGLIANGKONGZHILVBUDIYU80%;CAIQUXUPAIJIEHECUOSHI,ZHUBUTIGAOCHENGSHIPAISHUIFANGLAOBIAOZHUN,SHANGHAISHIQUANSHICHENGZHENJIANCHENGQUYUSHUIPAISHUIXITONGBUDIYU1NIANYIYUBIAOZHUN,ZHONGXINCHENGJIANCHENGQU20%YISHANGDEYUSHUIQIANGPAIXITONGDADAOGUIHUAXINBIAOZHUNYAOQIU;TISHENGSHANGHAISHI11ZUOYUSHUIDIAOXUCHIHEFENLIUZHIPAISHUIXITONGCHUQIYUSHUIJIELIUSHESHIDEYUNXINGXIAONENG。

  JUJIESHAO,SHANGHAIJIANGJIADACHENGSHIPAISHUIFANGLAOSHESHIJIANSHELIDU。TONGCHOUKAOLVPAISHUIXITONGTIBIAO、SHUIHUANJINGZHILIHENEILAOFANGZHIDEYAOQIU,YICIGUIHUA,FENQISHISHI,ZHONGXINCHENGXIAOCHUJIANCHENGQUPAISHUIXITONGKONGBAI,JIAOQUJIEHECHENGZHENJIANSHETONGBUKAIZHANPAISHUIXITONGXINJIANHEWANSHANGONGZUO。XINJIANHEGAIJIANLVDIJIANGJIAQIANGYUSHUILIYONGHEDIAOXU,GULIYIJIANLVDIYUSHUILIYONGHEDIAOXU。GONGYUANLVDINEIBUXINGXITONG、GUANGCHANGHETINGCHECHANGDENGYINGZHIPUZHUANGJIANGCAIYONGTOUSHUICAILIAO,XINJIANHEGAIJIANXIANGMUTOUSHUIPUZHUANGLVFENBIEBUDIYU50%HE30%;ZHICHIWUDINGLVHUAHECHUIZHILVHUADENGLITILVHUAJIANSHE,LVSEWUDINGLVBUDIYU30%。

  上海海绵城市建设怎么干?

  XIANZAI,SHANGHAIYIJINGXUANZELEPUDONGLINGANGDIQU、SONGJIANGNANBUXINCHENG、PUTUOTAOPUDIQUKAIZHANSHIDIAN,KAISHIGUIHUAJIANSHESUZHOUHEDIXIASHENCENGYUSHUIDIAOXUGONGCHENG,NIJIANCHENGZHONGXINCHENGQU4GEQUYUYUSHUIDIAOXUJIPAISHUIXITONG。

  SHANGHAIYOURUYIKUAIXIMANSHUIDEHAIMIAN,CHENGSHINEILAO、GONGSHUIYUANSHUISHUIZHINANKONGDENGSHUIANQUANWENTIBIJIAOTUCHU。YINCI,SHANGHAIHAIMIANCHENGSHIGUIHUAJIANSHESHOUXIANCONGJIEJUEBAOYU、TAIFENGZAOCHENGCHENGSHINEILAOWENTIWEITUPODIAN,SHISHANGHAI“ZHEIKUAIYIJINGXIMANSHUIDEHAIMIAN”ZAIQUEBAOANQUANDEQIANTIXIA,HAINENGXINAYUSHUI,BINGWEICHENGSHITIGONGKEKAOSHENGHUOYINYONGSHUISHUIYUAN,CONGSHIYU、CHENGSHI、DAOLU、GUANGCHANG、LVDI、JIEQUDENGGEGECENGMIAN,XITONGDIBAOZHANGCHENGSHISHUIANQUAN,WEIHUHEXIUFUCHENGSHISHUIHUANJINGYUSHUISHENGTAI,ZHANGXIANCHENGSHISHUIWENHUA。

  SUOYI,SHANGHAIHAIMIANCHENGSHIGUIHUAJIANSHEYINGGUANZHUXITONGJIEJUESHANGHAICHENGSHIFANGCHAOPAILAO,HELIKEXUE、YINDIZHIYIDIXINAYUSHUI,XUBEIKEKONGKEKAODESHENGHUOYINYONGSHUIYUAN。WEICI,SHANGHAIHAIMIANCHENGSHIGUIHUAJIANSHEZONGTICELVEWEI:DIYI,BIXUDUIQUANSHISHUILIJINXINGTONGCHOUGUIHUAJIANSHE,JIANGDIDIXIASHUIWEI,ZENGQIANGDIAOKONGHELIUSHUIXIKANGYUWAISHUIHEPAIXIENEISHUINENGLI,KUOCHONGHELIUSHUIYUDENASHUIKONGJIAN,GOUTONGSHUIXILIANXI,XINGCHENGKANGDEZHUWAICHAO、CHENGDEQIBAOYU、PAIDECHUHESHUI、XUDEZHUYUSHUIDEHAIMIANCHENGSHISHUIXIJITI,QUEBAOCHENGSHISHUIANQUAN;DIER,TONGGUODAOLU、GUANGCHANG、YINGZHIPUDI、LVDIXITONGGAIZAOJIANSHE,YOUXIAOPAIXIESHOUWURANDECHUQIYUSHUI,ZHILIUQINGJIEYUSHUI;DISAN,JIANSHEJIEQUYUSHUIDIAOXUXITONG,ZHILIUXUCUNJIEQUNEIQINGJIEYUSHUI,BAOZHANGJIEQUSHUIANQUAN;DISI,LIANTONGGEJIEQUDIXIAYUSHUIDIAOXUSHESHI,PEIJIANDIXIAYUSHUIJINGHUACHULICHANG,SHENGCHANDABIAOSHENGHUOYINYONGSHUI,JIEJUECHENGSHIYINYONGSHUISHUIYUANANQUANWENTI。

  SHANGHAIHAIMIANCHENGSHIGUIHUAJIANSHEYINGYUCHENGSHISHUANGXIU、DIXIAKONGJIANZONGHELIYONGJIQUANSHISHUIXIGUIHUAJIANSHETONGCHOUJINXING,SHIYICAIYONGXIALIECUOSHI:SHUJUN、GOUTONG、WASHENQUANSHIYUHELIU、HUCHI,JIANGDIDIXIASHUIWEI,KUOCHONGHELIUSHUIXIDERONGSHUIKONGJIAN;ZENGJIANSHIYUBIANJIEHEWAIHUANXIANWAIDEHELIUSHUIZHA,LIYONGSHUIZHA、PAILAOBENGZHANDIAOKONGSHIYUHEZHONGXINCHENGQUHELIUSHUIWEI,DIAOKONGYULIUXUNAYUSHUIKONGJIAN;JIEHELVDIXITONGGUIHUAJIANSHE,KAIWABAOYUCHANGLAODIQUDERENGONGHUHE,XUNAYUSHUI,BINGLIANTONGFUJINHELIU,XINGCHENGCHUANTONGLIUDONGDEJUYOUNAYUPAILAO、XIUXIANGUANSHANGDENGDUOGONGNENGDESHUIXI,SHICHANGLAODIQUMIANZAOLAOZAI。

  GAIZAODAOLU、GUANGCHANG、LVDIXITONG,KEXUEYOUXIAOPAIXUYUSHUI。JICHENGYINGYONGYUSHUISHENTOUHEXULIUDENGFANGMIANDEXINCAILIAO、XINCHANPIN、XINGONGYI,XITONGJINXINGCHENGSHIDAOLUHAIMIANXINGGAIZAOGENGXIN,KEXUECHENGJIE、PAIXIEYUSHUI;JIANSHEGUANGCHANGXITONGDIYINGXIANGKAIFAYUSHUIXITONG,GAISHANYUSHUIPAIXUGONGNENG;ZENGQIANGLVDIXITONGDEYUSHUIZHIXUGONGNENG,PEIYUTESESHUIWENHUA。ZAICHENGSHILVDIXITONGZHONGSHEZHIDUOGONGNENGYUSHUIDIAOXUGONGYUAN,XUCUNJIANGYU,YINGZAOSHUIJING,PEIYUSHUIWENHUA。CIWAI,HAIXUZAIJIANCHENG、XINJIANQUJIANSHEJIEQUYUSHUIDIAOXUXITONG,BAOZHANGJIEQUSHUIANQUAN;LIANTONGCHENGSHIDIXIAYUSHUIDIAOXUXITONG,BAOZHANGCHENGSHIYONGSHUIANQUAN。

  GENJUSHANGHAISHISHUIWUXINGYE“SHISANWU”GUIHUAJISHISHUIWUJUGONGZUOBUSHU,NIZAISUZHOUHEXIAGUIHUAJIANSHESHENCENGDIAOXUGUANDAO,ZHIJINGZAI8ZHI10MI,WEIYUDIXIAYUE40~60MI,GUONEISHANGWUJIANSHEXIANLI,BEICHENGZHIWEI“CHAOJIYUSHUIDIAOXUGUANLANG”,YANZHESUZHOUHEXIAMIANCONGWAIHUANXIANZHIHUANGPUJIANG,YANXIANTUJINGZHANGNING、PUTUO、JINGAN、ZHABEI、HUANGPUDENGQU,QUANZHANG17GONGLIZUOYOU,XUSHUIRONGLIANGJIANGDADAO70DUOWANLIFANGMI。“CHAOJIDIAOXUGUANLANG”JIANCHENGHOU,SUZHOUHEYANXIANDEPAISHUINENGLIKECONGMUQIANDEYINIANYIYU(MEIXIAOSHIPAISHUI36HAOMI)TIGAOZHIWUNIANYIYU(MEIXIAOSHIPAISHUI55HAOMI)。

  ZONGERYANZHI,HAIMIANCHENGSHIJIANSHEDELIUZIFANGZHENDEBUZHEBUKOUBINGCHUANGZAOXINGDIZHIXING,ANQUANSHANGHAIHEZHUOYUEQUANQIUCHENGSHIDEYUANJINGDINGKESHIXIAN。

  束昱:同济大学教授、同济地下空间研究院院长、全球城市地下空间研究会理事长、日本东京工业大学客座研究员、英国皇家特许建造师。1982年在同济大学首开【地下空间利用】课程,1991年代表中国参与【东京国际地下空间宣言】的起草与签署,1993年开启我国城市(杭州市)地下空间规划编制先河,1992-1994年担当上海浦东张杨路共同沟(被业界誉为中华第一沟)研究设计技术总监,1995-1997年参与国家住建部《城市地下空间开发利用管理规定》,是国家住建部“九五、十五城市地下空间开发利用规划”的主编,2005-2007年领衔主编《中国城市地下空间规划编制导则》,2014-2015承担并领衔完成国家住建部和人防办下达《城市地下空间开发利用管理办法》、《城市地下空间开发利用协作机制》《城市地下空间建设发展规定》《城市地下工程安全使用技术规程》等5项课题,至今已培养硕士博士生40余人,完成50余项国家及省市委托的科研咨询及北京、上海、天津、南京、杭州、广州、深圳、兰州等70项城市地下空间及人防工程和应急避难场所等专项规划编研。出版《城市地下空间规划与设计》、《城市地下空间环境艺术设计》、《城市地下空间开发利用与管理》等专著6部、发表论文250余篇,获得国家科技进步二等奖1项、教育部科技进步一等奖1项,其他2、3等奖20余项,是我国城市地下空间和综合管廊规划设计理论方法与标准、城市地下空间和谐需求预测理论、地下空间环境与人体相互作用理论、地下空间环境生态化技术集成应用理论、地下空间使用安全评价方法、地下空间环境艺术设计理论与方法、地下空间防灾诱导标志的规划设计理论与方法、海绵城市地下空间、综合管廊规划设计及兼顾人防等方面的先行研究和开拓创新者,国内外著名城市地下空间与人居环境研究专家。