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地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示

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地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授 系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示

  刘语冰教授工作简历

  中国交通运输协会新技术促进分会常务专家理事,原铁道部标准计量研究所副所长、原铁道部专业设计院轨道处总工程师。自1954年开始,先后在铁道部设计局定型设计事务所、铁道科学研究院和铁道部专业设计院从事铁路道岔的设计、科研和标准化工作。曾参与建国前从不同国家进口的道岔标准的简统工作;参与铁路恢复时期模仿国外的道岔设计工作;组织自主的道岔设计工作;组织自主的“六二型”和“七五型”道岔标准化工作;参与高锰钢整铸辙叉的研究和组织高锰钢整铸辙叉的系列设计工作;参与矮型特种断面钢轨的设计和主持矮型断面尖轨跟端锻造工艺的研究;参与和协助提速道岔的设计工作;参与和协助高速铁路大号数道岔的设计工作;主持研制成功锻焊辙叉、高强耐磨钢锒板辙叉和锒尖尖轨。编写《道岔构造和设计》(上、下册)、《日本高速铁路轨道概况》和《铁路道岔论文集》三部专著。

  

  WOGUOCHENGSHIDITIEZIBEIJINGDITIE1HAOXIAN1969NIAN10YUE1RITONGCHEYILAI,SUIZHEWOGUOCHENGZHENHUADEFAZHAN,JIEZHI2014NIANDIQUANGUOXIUJIANYUNYINGDEDITIEXIANLU95TIAO,TONGCHELICHENGDADAO2900Km,ZAIYUNYINGDEDITIEXIANLUZHONGSHIYONGDEDAOCHAJIBENSHANGDOUSHIYINYONGGUOTIEDEDAOCHAHUOYOUXIEZUOLEJUBUDEXIUGAI,SISHIWUNIANLAIDAOCHAJIEGOUJIBENSHANGMEIYOUCHUANGXIN,BINGFAXIANCUNZAIDEWENTIYOU:

  1、DITIEZHENGXIANGAOFENGSHIBIXUSUODUANZHEFANSHIJIAN,YIZENGJIADITIEDONGCHEZUDEYUNNENG。

  2、DITIEZHENGXIANDAOCHAJIANGUIDEGENDUANCAIYONGHUOJIETOU,DAOCHABUNENGHANJIECHENGWUFENGDAOCHAZHISHIDITIEZHENGXIANBUNENGPUSHEKUAQUJIANCHAOZHANGWUFENGXIANLU,DAOCHACHENGWEIDITIEDEZAOYINYUAN。

  3、DITIEZHENGXIANDAOCHAJIANGUIGENDUANCAIYONGGUDINGJIETOUSHI,JIANGUIJIANDUANGUIJUWUJIAKUAN,JIANGUIJIANDUANCHENGJUCHIXINGMOHAO,SHIYONGSHOUMINGGUODUAN;JIANGUIZHANGDUGUOZHANGYONGERTAIZHUANZHEJIQIANYINRENGCUNZAIBUZUWEIYIHEJIANGUIDEFANDAN。

  4、DITIEZHENGXIANDAOCHAYONGGAOMENGGANGZHECHA,GAOMENGGANGZHECHAYUGAOTANGANGGANGGUINANYIHANJIE,NANYISHISHIWUFENGDAOCHA,QIEGAOMENGGANGZHECHAJIAONENGYUGAOTANGANGGANGGUIHANJIEDEHEJINGANGZHECHASHIYONGSHOUMINGDIERBEI。

  5、DITIECHELIANGDUANDAOCHAJINSHIYONGDANYIDEDANKAIDAOCHA,ZHISHICHELIANGDUANDAOCHAYANHOUQUZHANYONGTUDIGUODUO,HEPUSHEGUIDAOGUODUO。

  6、DITIEJIYOUDEDAOCHAPINZHONGZALUAN,MEIYOUTONGYIDEBIAOZHUN,ZAOCHENGSHENGCHANZHIZAOHEWEIXIUYANGHUDEKUNNAN。

  MUQIANCHENGSHIDITIEFAZHANXUNSU,WEILESHIDITIEGENGDUO、GENGKUAI、GENGHAO、GENGSHENGDEFAZHAN,WOGONGSINIYUYIGUANCHUANGXINCHENGSHIDESHENZHENGUIDAOBANHEZUO,BINGJIESHENZHENDITIEDEPINGTAI,TUIGUANGDAOQUANGUODITIE,TETICHUDITIETISU、XIAOZAO、YANSHOU、SHENGTUDI、JIANGUIDAO、XILIEHUADAOCHACHUANGXIN、SHENGJIHEZHUANXINGHUANDAIDECHANPINSHEJI。

  ZAIMUQIANDITIEDAOCHASHIYONGJICHUSHANG,TICHUFUWUYUSHEHUIDEJUYOUXINGYEJISHULINGXIAN,BAOZHENGXINGCHEANQUANXINGDEXILIEHUADAOCHACHUANGXINSHEJINEIRONGYOU:

  1、DAOCHADETISU

  MUQIANDITIEZHENGXIANSHANGSHIYONG9HAODANKAIDAOCHA,GEBIEDITIEZHENGXIANZHEFANZHANSHIYONG12HAODANKAIDAOCHA。ZHEILIANGZHONGDAOCHASHIZHIXIANHUOQUXIANJIANGUIHEZHIXIANZHECHA。WEILETIGAODAOCHADEZHENGXIANHECEXIANRONGXUSUDU,CAIYONGQUXIANJIANGUI、QUXIANZHECHA。YOUYU9HAODANKAIDAOCHATIGAOCEXIANTONGGUOSUDUHOUYU12HAOJIYOUDAOCHAXIANGJIN。WEIJIANTONGDAOCHAPINZHONG,QUXIAO12HAODANKAIDAOCHA,JIANBIAO1.

地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授 系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示

  MUQIANDITIECHELIANGDUANSHIYONG7HAODANKAIDAOCHA,WEILEGAISHANNEIJIETIAOJIAN、TIGAODAOCHADECEXIANRONGXUSUDU,CAIYONGQUXIANJIANGUIHEQUXIANZHECHA,JIANBIAO2.

地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授 系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示

  2、DAOCHADEXIAOZAO

  MUQIANYOUXIEDITIEDAOCHAHANJIEWEIWUFENGDAOCHA。WUFENGDAOCHAYUQUJIANWUFENGXIANLUHANJIEBIANCHENGWEIKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLU。KUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLUSHIZHENGXIANSHANGMEIYOUGANGGUIJIETOU,YINCI,KEYIXIAOCHUDITIEDONGNEIDEZHIJIEZAOYINYUAN。

  XIAOZAODEKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLUYOULIANGZHONGLEIXING,YIZHONGSHIFANGSANSHIDEKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLU,LINGYIZHONGSHIZIYINGLISHIDEKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLU。RIBENDEKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLUSHICAIYONGFANGSANSHIDE。CAIYONGFANGSANSHIDEKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLUZAIZHENGXIANSHANGMEI2kmSHEZHIYIZUGANGGUISHENSUOQI,TONGSHIZAIDAOCHADEHOUBUYESHEZHIYIZUGANGGUISHENSUOQI。DEGUOHEWOGUOGUOTIEKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLUSHICAIYONGZIYINGLISHIDE。CAIYONGZIYINGLISHIDEKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLU,ZAIQUJIANBUSHEGANGGUISHENSUOQI,DANSHIYAOQIUDAOCHACEGUGANGGUISHESHENSUOQI。YINCI,DITIEDESHEJIDANWEIYINGGAIMINGQUEGUIDINGKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLUSHIXUANYONGFANGSANSHIHUOZIYINGLISHI。DITIEXUANYONGFANGSANSHIKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLUSHI,QUJIANXIANLU、DAKUADUGANGQIAOHEDAOCHADEWEIBUYINGYOUBUTONGSHENSUOLIANGDEGANGGUISHENSUOQI。RUXUANYONGZIYINGLISHIKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLU,QUJIANXIANLUBUSHEGANGGUISHENSUOQI,DAKUADUGANGQIAOHEDAOCHACEXIANWEIBUYINGYOUBUTONGSHENSUOLIANGDEGANGGUISHENSUOQI。

  SHEZHIGANGGUISHENSUOQISHI,ZAIGANGGUISHENSUOQIDE50mSHENSUOQUJIAN,YINGSHEXIAOZULIKOUJIAN,YIBAOZHENGGANGGUISUIQIWENDEBIANHUAJINXINGZIDONGDEDIAOZHENG。

  3、DAOCHADEYANSHOU

  DAOCHASHIDUOBUJIANDEZUHETI,QIZHONGZUIYIMOHAOHESUNHUAIDEBUJIANSHIQUJIANGUIHEZHECHA,YIBANDAOCHADEYIGEDAXIUQINEI,XUYAOGENGHUAN3GENQUJIANGUIHE3ZUZHECHA,WEILEJIDITIEKUAQUJIANWUFENGXIANLUTIGONGJIANSHAOGENGHUANYISUNBUJIANDETIAOJIAN,BIXUYOUXIAODIYANZHANGQUJIANGUIHEZHECHADESHIYONGSHOUMING。

  JINSANSHINIANWOGUOTIELUYOULEKUAYUESHIDEFAZHAN,XINCAILIAO、XINGONGYI、XINJIEGOU、XINJISHUDALIANGCHUXIAN,WOGUOGUOTIEDAOCHAJISHUSHUIPINGYIJINGDADAOHECHAOGUOZUIFADAGUOJIADAOCHADESHUIPING,SHIXIANQUJIANGUIHEJINGANGXIANGJIAN,HEJINGANGXIANGBANZHECHAHEHEJINGANGUIC33CAOXINGHUGUIKESHIDAOCHABUJIANSHIYONGSHOUMINGCHENGBEIDITIGAO,JIANBIAO3

地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授 系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示

  4、DAOCHAJIESHENGZHANYONGTUDIHEJIANSHAOGUIDAOZHANGDU

  MUQIANDITIECHELIANGDUANDOUYOU30~50TIAOGUDAOZUOWEICUNCHE、XICHEHEJIANXIUSHIYONG,ZHUANXIANDAOCHADUONIANLAIJINYOUYIZHONGDANKAIDAOCHA,ZAISHEJIHEBUZHICHELIANGDUANDAOCHAYANHOUQUSHIXUZHANYONGTUDIHEXUYAOLIANJIEDEGUIDAOBIJIAODUO。

  YIBANCHELIANGDUANDOUZAIDACHENGSHI,TUDIANGGUI,YOUDECHELIANGDUANLINJINCHENGSHIDESHANQUXUYAOWASHAN。WEILEJIESHENGGONGCHENGYONGDI,WOMENSHEJICHELIANGDUANSHIYONGDEBUDUICHENGSANKAIDAOCHA,SHICHELIANGDUANDEDAOCHAYANHOUQUBUZHIWEIJIANYIXIAN,RUYI12GUDAOWEILI,JINYONGDANKAIDAOCHABUZHIDEDAOCHAYANHOUQUZHANGDUWEI190.388MI(RUTU1SHI)。

地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授 系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示

TU1

  YONGDANKAIDAOCHAHEBUDUICHENGSANKAIDAOCHALIANGZHONGDAOCHABUZHIDAOCHAYANHOUQUZHANGDUWEI98.000MI(RUTU2SHI)。

地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授 系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示

TU2

  CONGTU1HETU2KEJIAN:

  DAOCHAYANHOUQUZHANDIJIANSHAO

  [1-(98.000/198.388)]*100%=51.5%

  DAOCHAYANHOUQUGUIDAOZHANGDUJIANSHAO

  [1-(325.734/1080.776)]*100%=69.8%

  DAOCHAYANHOUQUDAOCHASHULIANGJIANSHAO

  [1-(8/10)]*100%=20%

  5、DAOCHADEPINZHONGXILIEHUA、LINGBUJIANTONGYONGHUAHECHANPINBIAOZHUNHUA

  1)DAOCHADEPINZHONGXILIEHUA

  DITIE(BUHANGAOSUDITIE)DAOCHA,YINGGAIYIZUISHAODEPINZHONGMANZUZUIDADEXUYAOWEIYUANZE,JINXINGPINZHONGXILIEHUA,TUIJIANDITIEDAOCHAXILIEHUAPINZHONGYOU:

  ①ZHENGXIANSHANGSHIYONGDE60kg/mGANGGUI9HAO(R=300m)DANKAIDAOCHA;

  ②ZHENGXIANSHANGSHIYONGDE60kg/mGANGGUI9HAO(R=300m)JIANJU5.0MIYXINGJIAOCHADUXIAN;

  ③CHELIANGDUANXIANSHANGSHIYONGDE50kg/mGANGGUI7HAO(R=180m)DANKAIDAOCHA;

  ④CHELIANGDUANXIANSHANGSHIYONGDE50kg/mGANGGUI7HAO(R=180m)BUDUICHENGSANKAIDAOCHA;

  ⑤CHELIANGDUANXIANSHANGSHIYONGDE50kg/mGANGGUI7HAO(R=180m)JIANJU5.0MIYXINGJIAOCHADUXIAN;

  2)DAOCHADELINGBUJIANTONGYONGHUA

  ①JIANGUIJIJIANGUIFUJIANDETONGYONGHUA;

  ②ZHECHAJIZHECHAZUJIANDETONGYONGHUA;

  ③HUGUIJIHUGUIZUJIANDETONGYONGHUA;

  ④BUTONGGUIDAOJIEGOUDEDIANBANTONGYONGHUA;

  ⑤GANGGUISHENSUOQIJIQIZUJIANDETONGYONGHUA;

  3)DAOCHACHANPINDEBIAOZHUNHUA

  ①DAOCHAZHIZAODEJISHUTIAOJIAN;

  ②DAOCHACUIHUODEJISHUTIAOJIAN;

  ③JIANGUIGENDUANDUANZAODEJISHUTIAOJIAN;

  ④GANGGUIHANJIEJISHUTIAOJIAN;

  ⑤GUIDONGJIEJIETOUJISHUTIAOJIAN;

  ⑥GANGGUIJUEYUANZHANJIEJIETOUJISHUTIAOJIAN;

  6、DAOCHAHOULIANJIEGUIDAODEPINGMIANCHICUN

  DITIEDAOCHACEGUTONGGUOSUDUTIGAOHOU,WEILEQUEBAOXINGCHEANQUANBIXUZHONGSHILIANJIEGUIDAOPINGMIANYUSUDUDEGUANXI,DANKAIDAOCHAPUSHEZAICHEZHANNEILIANJIELIANGPINGXINGXIANGUIDAOSHI,DONGCHEZUTONGGUODAOCHACEXIANYOURUTONGGUOFANXIANGQUXIAN,DAOCHADECEXIANRONGXUSUDU,CHUJUEDINGYUTABENSHENDEPINGMIANCHICUN,YEJUEDINGYUDAOCHAHOULIANJIEGUIDAODEPINGMIANTEZHENG,

  DANKAIDAOCHALIANJIELIANGPINGXINGGUIDAOSHI,DAOCHAFUDAIQUXIANJIANDEZHIXIANDUANZHANGDUCANKANTU3,KEANXIASHIJISUAN:

  f=[e-R(1-cosα)]/sinα-b 

  SHIZHONG:  e-LIANGPINGXINGGUIDAODEJIANJU    

  R-FUDAIQUXIANDEBANJING

  α-ZHECHADEJIAODU          

  b-DAOCHAZHONGXINZHIDAOCHAGENDUANDEJULI

地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授 系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示

TU3

  7、LIECHETONGGUODAOCHAHOULIANJIEGUIDAODERONGXUSUDU

  LIECHETONGGUOSHANGSHUTIAOJIANDEDAOCHACEXIAN,ZUOWEIFANXIANGQUXIANKAOLV,QIYUNXINGSUDUKEANXIALIEFANGFAJINXINGJISUAN:

 地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授 系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示

TU4

    TU4SHICHUCHELIANGTONGGUOFANXIANGQUXIANSHI,LIANGGECHETIDEWEIZHI,RUYIXIANDUANA1B1=A2B2=b,   DANGA1B1WEIZAIDAOCHACEGUSHANGDEWEIZHI,A2B2WEIZAIFUDAIQUXIANSHANGDEWEIZHISHI,NEIMECHELIANGZAIDAOCHACEGUQUXIANSHANGCHANSHENGDEWEIBEIPINGHENGLIXINJIASUDUWEI α1=V2/R1,ZAIFUDAIQUXIANSHANGCHANSHENGDEWEIBEIPINGHENGLIXINJIASUDUWEIα2=V2/R2,LIANGZHELIXINJIASUDUFANGXIANGBICIXIANGFAN。

  CHELIANGTONGGUOFANXIANGQUXIANSHI,WEIBEIPINGHENGLIXINJIASUDUDEBIANHUAZHIJIEYUbHEfZHIYOUGUAN,TAKEFENWEISANZHONGBUTONGQINGKUANG,JI(1)f<b;(2)f=b;(3)f>b。ZAIZHEISANZHONGTIAOJIANXIA,WEIBEIPINGHENGLIXINJIASUDUDEBIANHUAQINGKUANGBIAOSHIYUTU4ZHONG,  RUGUOSHIWEIBEIPINGHENGLIXINJIASUDUANZHIXIANBIANHUA,NEIMECHELIANGYOUA1B1SHIZHIA2B2WEIZHISUOCHANSHENGDEWEIBEIPINGHENGLIXINJIASUDUZENGLIANGYUSHIJIANCHENGBILI。

  f<b时,未被平衡离心加速度的增量为:

                ψ=Δα/Δt

      式中      Δα=α1+α2Δt=(f+b)/V

      因此:    ψ=(α1+α2)V/(f+b)

    如将上式中速度单位换算为 m/sec, 

  并以α1=V2/R1及α2=V2/R2 代入

      则:     ψ=V3(R1+R2)/3.63 R1R2(f+b)

  即:  

  

地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授 系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示

  DANGf≧bSHI,CONGTU4KEJIANWEIBEIPINGHENGLIXINJIASUDUDEZENGLIANGJINJUEDINGYUbZHI,ERYUfZHIWUGUAN,YINCI,ZAIZHEILIANGZHONGTIAOJIANXIA,DAOCHAHOUDELIANJIEGUIDAOBUXIANSU,DONGCHEZUKEANDAOCHADECEGURONGXUSUDUTONGGUO。

  MUQIANDITIECHELIANGZHONGLEIBIJIAODUO,WOGUODITIECHELIANGFENLEIYOU24-21m,21-19mHE19-15mSANZHONG,GUDINGGANGJUFENBIEWEI17m、15m、13m,ANXIANLUPINGMIANTEZHENGGUIDINGLIANGPINGXINGXIANJIANGE4.5mHE5.0mSHIDAOCHACEXIANSUDURUBIAO4SUOSHI:

  地铁 提速 消噪 延寿 省土地 5大创新——我国著名道岔专家刘语冰教授 系列化地铁道岔创新成果展示