反波胆怎么选最稳

浅议“两个责任”在施工企业的落实途径

来源:中华铁道网

  【NEIRONGZHAIYAO】“LIANGGEZEREN”DELUOSHISHIZUOHAOXINXINGSHIXIADANGFENGLIANZHENGHEFANFUBAIGONGZUODEZHONGYAORENWU。BENWENZHENDUIJIANZHUSHIGONGQIYEDEXINGYETEDIAN,CONGZHUANBIANGUANNIAN、MINGQUEZEREN;JIAQIANGXUANGUAN,WANSHANZHIDU;TUCHUZHONGDIAN,QIANGHUADANDANGDENGSANGEFANGMIANRUSHOU,LUNSHULEYIQIANGHUA“SANGERENSHI”、GOUZHU“LIANGTIAOFANGXIAN”、ZHUAHAO“SIGEHUANJIE”DEJUTITUJINGHECUOSHI,LAITUIDONG“LIANGGEZEREN”ZAIJIANZHUSHIGONGQIYEDEYOUXIAOLUOSHI。

  【GUANJIANCI】“LIANGGEZEREN”SHIGONGQIYELUOSHI

  SUIZHEGAIGEDEBUDUANSHENHUAHEGUOJIADUIJIBENJIANSHETOURUDEJIADA,WEIJIANZHUSHIGONGQIYEDESHENGCUNYUFAZHANTUOZHANLEKONGJIAN,RUHEZHUAZHULISHIXINGDEFAZHANJIYU,JIANQIANGQIYESHIXIANDUOYINGCHENGWEILESHIGONGQIYEDEDANGWUZHIJI。YUCITONGSHI,QIYELIANJIECHENGXIN、YIFAHEGUIJINGYING、CHIXUJIANKANGFAZHANBEITISHANGLEZHONGYAOYISHIRICHENG。GUANCHELUOSHIHAO“LIANGGEZEREN”ZUOWEIJIAQIANGHEGAIJINQIYEDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEDEGENBENTUJINGHEZHONGYAOZAITI,YEJIUCHENGWEILEGOUJIANHEXIESHEHUIJIQIYEZISHENFAZHANDEPOQIEXUYAO。

  YI、ZHUANBIANGUANNIAN,MINGQUEZEREN,QIANGHUA“SANGERENSHI”

  1、RENSHIDAODANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIGONGZUOSHIYIXIANGZHANGQIDEJIANJURENWU,XUYAOJINYIBUZHUAJINZHUAHAO。ZHANGQIYILAI,DANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIGONGZUODOUSHIJIANZHUSHIGONGQIYEDEYIXIANGZHONGYAORENWU,ZAIXUANCHUANJIAOYU、ZHUANXIANGZHILI、ZHIJIBANANDENGFANGMIANJINXINGZHEDALIANGDEGONGZUO,DANSUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI,BUNANKANDAOZAIXINXINGSHIXIAHAICUNZAIZHEYIXIEZHIDUBUWANSHAN、JIZHIBUJIANQUAN、JIANGUANBUDAOWEI、SHICHANGBUGUIFANDENGXUDUOBURONGHUSHIDEWENTI,QIYEZISHENGFUBAIDETURANGYIRANCUNZAI,YIXIEBUZHENGZHIFENGRENGRANJIDAIJIEJUE。

  2、RENSHIDAOJIANZHUXINGYEWUXUJINGZHENGJUMIANZHENGZAINIUZHUAN,GUIFANHUADESHICHANGHUANJINGZHENGZAIXINGCHENG。SUIZHEGUOJIAFANFULIDUDEJIADAHEGEXINGGEYEGUIFANHUA、BIAOZHUNHUADEJINCHENGJIAKUAI,GONGCHENGZHAOTOUBIAOGUANLIDENGFALVFAGUIBUDUANXIUDINGWANSHAN,JIANZHUSHICHANGYUELAIYUEGUIFAN,ZHUNRUMENJIANHESHICHANGTOUMINGDUYUELAIYUEGAO,GENGJIAZHUZHONGZIZHI、ZIJIN、RENCAI、JISHUDENGYINGJIAN,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYOUXIAOJIANSHAOLESHIGONGXINGYEDEFUBAI,JIJIANZHUSHIGONGQIYEDAILAILEGENGDUOGONGPINGJINGZHENGDEJIHUI,YEDUIQIYEJINGZHENGNENGLIXINGCHENGGENGDADEKAOYAN。

  3、RENSHIDAO“LUOSHIDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEDANGWEIFUZHUTIZEREN、JIWEIFUJIANDUZEREN”DEZHONGYAOXING。MINGQUEDANGWEISHIDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEDELINGDAOZHE、ZHIXINGZHE、TUIDONGZHE,CHENGDANZHEDANGFENGLIANZHENGDEZHUTIZEREN;JIWEISHIDANGNEIZHIJIJIANDUZHUANZEJIGUAN,YAOJIJIZHUANZHINENG、ZHUANFANGSHI、ZHUANZUOFENG,YANGEDUCUJIANCHAHEZHIJIWENZE,YANSUCHACHUFUBAIWENTI。ZHIYOULIQINGRENWUFENGONG,CAINENGRENZHENLUOSHIHAODANGWEIDE“LINGDAO、XIEDIAO、SHISHI、GUANLI、JIAOYU、YUFANG、CHENGCHU、KAOHE”DENGZHUTIZERENHEJIWEIDEGEXIANGJIANDUZEREN,CAINENGYOUXIAOTUIJINDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIGONGZUOQUDEXINDEJINZHAN。

  ER、JIAQIANGXUANGUAN,WANSHANZHIDU,GOUZHU“LIANGTIAOFANGXIAN”

  1、JIAQIANGLIANJIEWENHUAJIAOYU,ZHULAOJUFUFANGBIANDESIXIANGFANGXIAN。

  JIANZHUSHIGONGQIYEMIANDUIDESHIYEZHU、JIANLI、CAILIAOGONGYINGSHANG、LAOWUDUIWUDENGXIANGGUANFANG,CUNZAIZHEZHUDUODEGUANLI、XIEDIAOHELIYIGUANXIFANGMIANDEWENTI,ZAIRUCIFUZADEGUANXIHEHUANJINGZHONG,YAOZUODAOYICHENBURAN、LIANGXIUQINGFENG,JIUXUYAOYOUJIANDINGDELICHANGHECHONGGAODEXINNIAN,XUYAOSHULI“DANBOMINGLI、ZHONGSHILVZHI”DEZILVLINIAN。YISHIYAOZHUAHAOLINGDAOBANZIDELIANJIEJIAOYU,YIBIAOLVZUOYONGXINGCHENGZHENGQUEDELIANJIEDAOXIANG。YAOZAIYONGRENSHANG、GUANLISHANG、JINGYINGKAIFASHANGBINGGONGBANSHI,LIANJIEZILV,SHULILIANJIEQINZHENGWUSHIDELINGDAOGANBUXINGXIANG,YINGZAOLIANGHAODELIANJIEFENWEI。ERSHIYAOZHUAHAOZHONGDIANRENYUANDELIANJIEJIAOYU,YISIXIANGRENSHICUCHENGZHENGQUEDEJIAZHIQUXIANG。YAOZHUAHAOGUANQIAN、GUANWU、GUANRENDENGZHONGDIANRENYUANDESIXIANGSHUDAOHELIANJIEJIAOYU,YAOJINMIJIEHEBUTONGDEGANGWEITEDIAN,BALIANJIECONGYEDEYAOQIURONGRUDAOGANGWEIZHIZEZHIZHONG,SHIZHIMINGQUESHUKEWEI、SHUBUKEWEI,SHULI“ANLAOQUCHOUZIJIANXIN、YILIANQUCHOUJIARENFANGXIN”DEYISHI。SANSHIYAOZHUAHAOQUANTIYUANGONGDELIANJIEJIAOYU,YIGONGTONGRENZHIYINGZAOLIANGHAODEYULUNFENWEI。YAOBALIANJIEJIAOYUYINRURICHANGDEXUEXIXUANCHUANZHONG,TONGGUOKAIZHANGEZHONGDANGFENGJIANSHEHEFANFUCHANGLIANJIAOYU,ZAIQIYEBANGONGCHANGSUOHESHIGONGXIANCHANGSHELILIANJIEWENHUABIAOSHI、BIAOYU、XUANCHUANLAN、HEIBANBAO,ZUZHIZHENGWEN、ZHISHIJINGSAI、LIANJIEXIAOPINDENGHUODONG,JIANGLIANJIEWENHUAXUANCHUANJIAOYUYOUJIDIRONGRUDAOZHIGONGXIWENLEJIANDEGEZHONGWENHUAYULEHUODONGZHIZHONG,YINGZAOXUELIAN、ZHILIAN、CHANGLIAN、CHONGLIAN、SHOULIANDELIANGHAOFENWEI。

  2、TUIXINGJINGXIHUAGUANLI,ZHULAO“ZHENGDANGQUCHOU”DEZHIDUFANGXIAN

  JIANZHUSHIGONGQIYECONGZHAOTOUBIAOKAISHI,JINGLAOWUDUIWUDEXUANDING、CAILIAOHEJIXIESHEBEIDECAIGOUJIPEIBEI、ANQUANZHILIANGDEKONGZHI……,DAOZUIZHONGDEWANGONGJIAOFUSHIYONG,WULUNGONGQIZHANGDUAN,DOUYAOJINGLIYIXILIEFANZADEHUANJIE,RUGUOMEIYOUYANMIDEKECAOZUOXINGQIANGDEGUIZHANGZHIDU,SHIBINANYIBAOZHENGGONGCHENGDESHUNLIWANGONGHEXIAOYIDEQUDE,YENANYIKONGZHIGONGCHENGLIANZHENGMUBIAODESHIXIAN。YINCI,YISHIYAOQIANGLITUIXINGGONGCHENGXIANGMUJINGXIHUAGUANLI,GUIFANXIANGMUGUANLIXINGWEI,JIANQUANXIANGMUGUANLITIXI,TIGAOGONGCHENGXIANGMUGUANLISHUIPINGHEYINGLINENGLI;ERSHIYAOZAISHIJIANZHONGBUDUANXIUDINGBINGXIHUAQIYEZIBENYUNYING、CAILIAOCAIGOU、XIANGMUZHAOTOUBIAO、DAEDUZIJINSHIYONG、RENLIZIYUANGUANLIDENGYIXILIEGUANLIZHIDUJICUOSHI,HELIFENQUAN,SHIDUSHOUQUAN,MINGQUEZHIZE,FANGZHIQUANLILANYONG。SANSHIYAOJIANLIXIANGYINGDEJIANGFAJILIJIZHI,KAIQIANMEN,DUHOUMEN,SHIZE、QUAN、LIXIANGPIPEI,CAINENGQIESHIZUODAOANGUIZHANGBANSHI,YIZHIDUGUANREN,CONGYUANTOUSHANGYOUXIAOJIANSHAOHEKONGZHIBULIANJIEXIANXIANGDEFASHENG。

  SAN、TUCHUZHONGDIAN,QIANGHUADANDANG,ZHUAHAO“SIGEHUANJIE”

  1、WANSHANJIZHIJIANSHE,GOUJIANYOUXUDEYUNZUOMOSHI

  ANZHAO“LUOSHIDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEDANGWEIFUZHUTIZEREN、JIWEIFUJIANDUZEREN”DEYAOQIU,YISHIQIYEDANGWEIYAOBADANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIGONGZUONARUQIYEGAIGEFAZHANZONGTIBUJU,YI“SIFENG”WENTIDEDAOYOUXIAOZHILI,GANBUZUOFENGSHIXIANMINGXIANHAOZHUAN,BULIANJIEXIANXIANGDEDAOYOUXIAOEZHI,DANGYUANGANBULIANJIEZILVYISHIHEJUFUFANGBIANNENGLIXIANZHUZENGQIANGWEIMUBIAO,ZHIDINGDANGFENGLIANZHENGHEFANFUBAIGONGZUODEZHANGQIGUIHUAHEJIEDUANXINGMUBIAO。ERSHIYAOWANSHANDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEZHIDU,ZAIZHUAHAODANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEZERENZHIDU、DANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEKAOHEZHIDU、DANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEZERENZHUIJIUZHIDUDEJICHUSHANG,JIANLIJIANQUANDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIGONGZUOLIANXIHUIYIZHIDU,DANGWEI、JIWEIJIXIANGGUANBUMENYAODINGQIFENXI、YANJIUDANGFENGLIANZHENGGONGZUO,YAOJIANCHIYUE、JI、BANNIAN、NIANDUDEFENXI、PAICHAGONGZUO,TUIDONGGONGZUOYOUXIAOLUOSHI。SANSHIYAOJIAQIANGXUANCHUANJIAOYUJIZHIJIANSHE,JINYIBUWANSHANFANFUCHANGLIANXINWENXUANCHUANPINGTAI,BANHAOFANFUCHANGLIANZHUANLANHEZHUANTI,CHONGFENFAHUIWANGLUO、WEIBO、WEIXINDENGXINXINGMEITIZAIFANFUCHANGLIANZHONGDEJIJIZUOYONG,JIANCHIZHENGQUEYULUNDAOXIANG,WANSHANFANFUCHANGLIANWANGLUOYUQINGXINXIGONGZUOJIZHI。

  2、LUOSHI“YIGANGSHUANGZE”,DAZAOQIZHUAGONGGUANDELIANGHAOJUMIAN

  ZAIDANGWEIHEJIWEIGONGTONGXIEZUO,HENZHUADANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEGONGZUODETONGSHI,YAORENSHIDAODANGFENGLIANZHENGJINKAOJIGEBUMEN、JIGERENSHIHENNANZUOHAODE,BIJINGRENDEJINGLISHIYOUXIANDE,BUMENDEGONGZUONEIRONGYESHIFANZAHEYOUJUXIANDE,ZHEIJIUXUYAOQUANTILINGDAOGANBUTIGAORENSHI,JIANG“YIGANGSHUANGZE”ZUOWEIYIXIANGZHENGZHIRENWUZHUAJINZHUAHAO。YISHIDANGWEIBANZIQITACHENGYUANDUIZHIZEFANWEINEIDEDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEFUZHUYAOLINGDAOZEREN,GENJUGONGZUOFENGONG,JIYAOZHUAHAOGONGZUO,YOUYAODAIHAODUIWU,MEINIANNIANDIZHUANTIMINZHUSHENGHUOHUISHANGYAODUIZHIZEFANWEINEIDEDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEQINGKUANGJINXINGZHUANTIBAOGAO;ERSHIXINGZHENGLINGDAOYAOQIESHISHULIZERENYISHI,JIANGDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEGUANCHUANDAOZIJIGONGZUODEFANGFANGMIANMIAN,ZAIZHUAHAOFENGUANGONGZUOHESHENGCHANJINGYINGDETONGSHIZHUAHAODANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHE,ZUODAOGUANRENYUGUANSHIXIANGJIEHE、GUANYEWUYUGUANDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEXIANGJIEHE。SANSHIYAOJIAQIANGXUANCHUANJIAOYU,YANGEGUANLI,DUIYUWEIFANZHIDUDERENHESHI,YAOGANYUJIUZHENG,BUNENGZHENGYIYANBIYIYAN,BUNENGSHIZHIDUCHENGWEIBAISHE,YAOBAMIAOTOUXIAOMIEZAIMENGYA;DUIYUCHUXIANWENTIDE,GAIPIPINGDEPIPING,GAICHULIDECHULI,GAIZHUIZEDEZHUIZE,YOUXIAOEZHIHEJIANSHAOJIANZHUSHIGONGLINGYUZHONGDEZHONGDIANGANGWEI、GUANJIANRENYUANDEBULIANJIEXINGWEI。

  3、JIAQIANGDANGZHENGHUIQIAN,WANSHANXIANGMUJIANDUGUANLIJIZHI

  DANGZHENGHUIQIANZHIDUSHILUOSHI“SANZHONGYIDA”SHIXIANGJITITAOLUN、JITIJUECEDEYIZHONGJUTIXINGSHI,YOULIYUGUIFANXIANGMUGUANLI,DUSAIGUANLILOUDONG,EZHIXIANGMUFUBAIDEFASHENG,CONGERTIGAOXIANGMUCHUANGXIAOYINGLINENGLI。YISHIYAOQIANGHUAXUANCHUANJIAOYU,SHENHUARENSHI,YINGZAODANGZHENGHUIQIANDELIANGHAOFENWEI。YAOJIAQIANGXIANGMUBANZICHENGYUANDUIDANGZHENGHUIQIANDEZHENGQUERENSHI,DONGDEQUANLISHIXUYAOHUXIANGJIANDUDE,BUJINXUYAOZILV,HAIXUYAOTALV,SHIXINGHUIQIANBUSHI“FENQUAN”,GENGBUSHI“DUOQUAN”,ERSHIYIZHONGZERENDEFENDAN,SHIYIZHONGDUIZIJIDEBAOHU。ERSHIYAOXIHUAHUIQIANLIUCHENG,MINGQUENEIRONG,CUJINDANGZHENGHUIQIANDEGUIFANYUNZUO。FANSHIYUXIANGMUYINGKUIYOUZHIJIEGUANXI、YUQIYELIYIYOUMIQIELIANXI、YUDANGFENGJIANSHEYOUZHIJIEYINGXIANGDESHIXIANGDOUYINGNARUDANGZHENGHUIQIAN,ZHURUZHONGDAJUECE、ZHIDUJIANSHE、RENSHIGUANLI、LAOWUGUANLI、ZIJINJIESUAN、WULIAOGUANLI、FEIYONGGUANLIDENGNEIRONGJUNYINGNARUDANGZHENGHUIQIAN。SANSHIYAOJIAQIANGJIANCHAJIANDU,JIANQUANJIZHI,BAOZHENGDANGZHENGHUIQIANDEYOUXIAOLUOSHI。BUJINGONGSIDANGWEI、JIWEIBUMENYAOBADUIJIANCHADUCUDANGZHENGHUIQIANZHIDUDELUOSHI,ZUOWEIYIXIANGZHONGYAOZHIZE,JIUSHICHENGBENHETONGBU、GONGCHENGBU、CAIWUBU、WUZISHEBEIBU、JIANCHA、SHENJIDENGBUMENDENGXIANGGUANZHINENGBUMENYEYAOJIANGQIZUOWEIZIJIDEYIXIANGZHIZE,CONGBUTONGDECEZHONGDIANJINXINGJIANCHA,BINGDUIJIANCHACHUDEWENTIJISHIXIAFAZHENGGAITONGZHISHU,FANGZHIHUIQIANSHIXIANGZAIZHIXINGZHONGLIUYUXINGSHI,XIAOCHUZHIXINGMANGQUHESIJIAO。

  4、JIAQIANGANJIANCHACHU,ZENGQIANGCHENGQIANBIHOUDEJIAOYUXIAOGUO

  SHIGONGQIYEZHONGDEWEIFAWEIJIANJIANBUJINHUIYANZHONGYINGXIANGDAOQIYEDESHEHUIXIAOYIHEJINGJIXIAOYI,GENGYOUSHENZHEHUIYINGXIANGGONGCHENGZHILIANG,CHUXIAN“DOUFUZHAGONGCHENG”、“WEIXIANGONGCHENG”,DAOZHIGUOJIAHERENMINDESHENGMINGCAICHANSHOUDAOSUNSHI,BIXUJIANJUEYUYICHACHU。YISHIDUIYANZHONGWEIFAWEIJIZHEYANCHENGBUDAI,QINGLI“HAIQUNZHIMA”。JIJIANZUZHIYAOGAODUZHONGSHIANJIANXIANSUOHEANJIANJUBAO,RENZHENCHACHU,DUINEIXIEWEIFAWEIJISHUEJUDA,YINGXIANGELIE,JIQIYEZAOCHENGZHONGDASUNSHIDEYANSUCHULI,BUNENGWEILEQIYEDESHENGYUHUOQITAYUANYINZHECHOUHUDUAN,FOUZEJIANGZHUZHANGWAIFENGXIEQI,DAOZHIZHENGLINGBUCHANG,YINGXIANGDANGJIFAGUIDEYANSUXING。ERSHIDUIQINGDUWEIGUIWEIJIZHEJIAOYUCHENGJIE,ZHUQI“LANGZIHUITOU”。YINGRENZHENFENXIQIFANCUODEYUANYINJICUOWUXINGZHI,JINXINGNAIXINDEJIEMIANJIAOYU,ZAIANFAJIFAGUIHUOGUIZHANGZHIDUJIYUCHUFENHECHUFADETONGSHI,YINDAOQISHENKERENSHIDAOSUOFANCUOWUJIJIATINGHEMUDAILAIDEYINYING,DUIQIYEXIAOYIHEXINYUDESUNHAI,DUIZISHENHEQIYEFAZHANZAOCHENGDEZUAIDENG,REXIN、CHENGXINDIBANGZHUQIGAIZHENGQUEDIANHECUOWU,YITASHI、QINFEN、ZUNZHANG、SHOUJIDEGONGZUOZUOFENGHEGONGZUOTAIDUZHONGXINBODEZUZHIHETONGSHIDEXINRENYURENKE,BINGYICILAIJIAOYUHEJINGSHIQUANTIYUANGONGRENRENZHENZHENZUOSHI,QINGQINGLIANLIANZUOREN,ZHENGZHENGDANGDANGQUCHOU。

  ZHUAHAO“LIANGGEZEREN”DELUOSHISHIDUIYUANYOUDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIGONGZUOMOSHIDEJINYIBUWANSHANHEJIAQIANG,XUYAOGEJIZUZHIHEGUANGDAGANBUYUANGONGDEZHENGQUERENSHIHEYOUXIAOZHIXING,CAINENGGOUJIANHAOJIAOYU、ZHIHENG、JIANKONG、CHUFAWEIYITIDECHENGFANGTIXI,CAINENGYOUXIAOEZHIBULIANJIEXIANXIANGDEFASHENG,CONGERCUJINJIANZHUSHIGONGQIYEDECHIXUJIANKANGFAZHAN,YIJIZHENGGEJIANZHUSHICHANGDEGUIFANHELIANGXINGYUNZHUAN。(ZHONGHUATIEDAOWANGTONGXUNYUANLUPING)