反波胆怎么选最稳

高铁的核心技术有哪些

2015-08-21 15:53:12 来源:京铁办

高铁(原名高速铁路),是指通过改造原有线路(直线化、轨距标准化),使最高营运速率达到不小于每小时200公里,或者专门修建新的“高速新线”,使营运速率达到每小时至少250公里的铁路系统。高速铁路除了在列车在营运达到一定速度标准外,车辆、路轨、操作都需要配合提升。

  高铁定义

  GAOTIE(YUANMINGGAOSUTIELU),SHIZHITONGGUOGAIZAOYUANYOUXIANLU(ZHIXIANHUA、GUIJUBIAOZHUNHUA),SHIZUIGAOYINGYUNSULVDADAOBUXIAOYUMEIXIAOSHI200GONGLI,HUOZHEZHUANMENXIUJIANXINDE“GAOSUXINXIAN”,SHIYINGYUNSULVDADAOMEIXIAOSHIZHISHAO250GONGLIDETIELUXITONG。GAOSUTIELUCHULEZAILIECHEZAIYINGYUNDADAOYIDINGSUDUBIAOZHUNWAI,CHELIANG、LUGUI、CAOZUODOUXUYAOPEIHETISHENG。

  ZHONGGUO2014NIAN1YUE1RIQISHISHIDE《TIELUANQUANGUANLITIAOLI》GUIDING,GAOSUTIELU(GAOTIE)SHIZHISHEJIKAIXINGSHISU250GONGLIYISHANG(HANYULIU),BINGQIECHUQIYUNYINGSHISU200GONGLIYISHANGDEKEYUNLIECHEZHUANXIANTIELU。

  世界上首条高铁

  SHIJIESHANGSHOUTIAOCHUXIANDEGAOSUTIELUSHIRIBENDEXINGANXIAN,YU1964NIANZHENGSHIYINGYUN。RIXIXINGANXIANLIECHEYOUCHUANQIZHONGGONGJIANZAO,XINGSHIZAIDONGJING-MINGGUWU-JINGDOU-DABANDEDONGHAIDAOXINGANXIAN,YINGYUNSUDUMEIXIAOSHI271GONGLI,YINGYUNZUIGAOSHISU300GONGLI。

  CIHOUGAOTIEJISHUDEDAOGEGEGUOJIADEZHONGSHI,GAOTIEZAISHIJIEGEGECHENGSHIBIANDIKAIHUA,YUANQIFAGUODETGVJISHU、YUANQIDEGUODEICEJISHU、YUANQIXIBANYADETalgoJISHUYIJIDEYIYUHANGKONGHANGTIANJISHUFAZHANERDANSHENGDECIXUANFUJISHUDOUWEIGAOTIESUDUDETISHENGTANSUOLESILUHEFANGSHI。ERZHONGGUOYANJIUDECRHJISHUSHIGAOTIEKEJILINGYUDEYOUYIZHONGDATUPO。BENWENJIUSHIXIANGGEWEIJIESHAOCRHJISHU,ERCRHJISHUZHENGSHIGAOTIEYUPUTONGTIELUQUFENDEGUANJIANJISHUYINSUZHIYI。

  高铁动车的基本组成

  1.CHETI

  CHETIDEZUOYONGSHIANZHUANGJICHUHECHENGZAIGUJIA。XIANDAIDONGCHEZUCHETIJUNCAIYONGZHENGTICHENGZAIDEGANGJIEGOUHUOZHEQINGJINSHUJIEGOU,YISHIXIANZAIZUIQINGDEZIZHONGXIAMANZUQIANGDUHEGANGDUYAOQIU。

  2.ZHUANXIANGJIA

  ZHUANXIANGJIAYOUDONGLIZHUANXIANGJIAHEFEIDONGLIZHUANXIANGJIAZHIFEN。QIZUOYONGSHICHENGZAI、ZHUANXIANG、JIANZHEN、ZHIDONG,DONGLIZHUANXIANGJIAHAIJUYOUQUDONGDEGONGNENG。ZHUANXIANGJIAYOUGOUJIA、XUANGUAZHUANGZHI、LUNDUIZHOUXIANGZHUANGZHIHEJICHUZHIDONGZHUANGZHIDENGZUCHENG。ERDONGLIZHUANXIANGJIAHAIYOUQUDONGZHUANGZHI。

  3.QIANYINCHUANDONGKONGZHIXITONG

  ZUOYONGSHICHUANDINENGLIANGHEYUNXINGKONGZHI。QIANYINCHUANDONGXITONGZHUYAOSHIZHILIECHEDEDIANQISHEBEI,FENWEICHUANDONGDIANLUXITONG、FUZHUDIANLUXITONGHEDIANZIYUKONGZHIDIANLUXITONG。ZHUCHUANDONGDIANLUXITONGZHUYAOBAOKUOZHUBIANYAQI、ZHUBIANLIUQI、QIANYINDIANJI。FUZHUDIANLUXITONGZHUYAOBAOKUOTONGFENGLENGQUEZHUANGZHI、CHENEIGONGDIANZHUANGZHI。

  4.ZHIDONGZHUANGZHI

  GAIZHUANGZHIBAOKUOJIXIEBUFEN、KONGQIGUANLUBUFENHEDIANQIKONGZHIBUFEN。ZHIDONGFANGSHIYOUKONGQIZHIDONGHEDIANQIZHIDONG,BUTONGDEZHIDONGFANGSHIYOUBUTONGDEZHIDONGZHUANGZHI。

  5.CHEDUANLIANJIEZHUANGZHI

  GAIZHUANGZHIBAOKUOGEZHONGCHEGOUHUANCHONGZHUANGZHI、JIAOJIEZHUANGZHIHEFENGDANGDENG。ZUOYONGSHILIANJIECHELIANGCHENGLIEJIHUANHEZONGXIANGCHONGJI。

  6.SHOULIUZHUANGZHI

  DONGCHEZUJUNCAIYONGSHOUDIANGONGSHOULIUQI。

  7.CHELIANGNEIBUSHEBEIHEJIASHISHISHEBEI

  ZHEILIMIANJIUSHIXIELEISIYU“JIAJU”YIYANGDEDONGXILE,RUKONGDIAO、DENG、ZUOYIDENG。

  CRH核心技术点

  DONGCHEBENZHISHANGSHIRENLEIKEXUEJISHUSHUIPINGDEJIZHONGTIXIAN,LIMIANDESUOYOUSHEBEIZHUANGZHIDOUSHIKEJIZAITIELUYUNSHUSHANGDEYINGYONG。SUOYITANDAODONGCHEZUDEHEXINJISHU,HENDUODOUSHIZAIBIEDEDIFANGYOUYINGYONGDE。

  动车组核心的核心是牵引传动系统

  WOGUODONGCHEZUJUNCAIYONGJIAOZHIJIAOCHUANDONG,JIECHUWANGSHANGDEJIAOLIUDIANJINGGUOSHOUDIANGONGHEBIANYAQIZHIHOU,BEIZHENGLIUCHENGZHILIU,ZAINIBIANCHENGJIAOLIUTONGRUYIBUQIANYINDIANJI。

  弓网关系

  GAOSULIECHEZAIYUNXINGDESHIHOU,LIECHESUDUYUEGAO,SHOUDIANGONGYUJIECHUWANGDELIANGHAOJIECHUJIUYUENANSHIXIAN,ZHEIJIUSHIGONGWANGGUANXI。

  轮轨关系(转向架)

  GAOSUXIA,LUNDUIYUGANGGUIZHIJIANDERUHUA、LUNGUIDONGLIXUE、YUNDONGWENDINGXING、QUXIANTONGGUOXINGNENG,ZHEIXIEJIBENSHANGKEYIGUINADAOZHUANXIANGJIAZHONG。

  变流技术

  YAOSHIXIANZHENGLIUHENIBIANZUIGENBENDESHIQIJIAN,SUOYIDONGCHEDEYUNXINGBIXUYAODAGONGLVDEKEKONGQIJIAN。QIZHONGYIIGBTWEIDAIBIAO。QICI,NIBIANQIHEZHENGLIUQIDETUOPUJIEGOUJUEDINGLESHUCHUDEXINGNENG。ZAIZHE,ZHENGLIUQIHENIBIANQIDEKONGZHIJISHUYEFEICHANGZHONGYAO,ERQIEKONGZHIJISHUQIANSHEDAOZHENGCHEDEYUNXINGCELVEHEGONGKUANG,NANDUFEICHANGGAO。

  牵引电机控制技术

  DUIQIANYINDIANJIDEKONGZHIYIBANSHIJIANGNIBIANQIHEDIANJIZUOWEIZHENGTIJINXINGKONGZHIDE,XIANZAIZUICHENGSHUDELIANGZHONGKONGZHIFANGFAYIGESHISHILIANGKONGZHIYIGESHIZHIJIEZHUANJUKONGZHI。ZAIJUTIDEKONGZHIFANGFAZHONG,HAIYOUHENDUOSHIXIANSHANGDEKUNNAN。ZAIQIZHONG,HUITIANJIAYIXIEJISHU,BIRUWUCHUANGANQIJISHU,FEIXIANXINGJIEOUDENG。

  再生制动

  ZAISHENGZHIDONGSHIYIZHONGFEICHANGHUANBAODEZHIDONGJISHU,TALIYONGLIECHEDEDONGNENGFADIAN,JIANGDIANNENGFANSONGDAODIANWANGZHONGQU。ZAISHENGZHIDONGJISHUBENZHISHANGSHIKONGZHIJISHU,TABUXUYAOEWAIDEZHUDIANQISHEBEI,TAZHISHIJIANGDIANDONGJIZUOWEIFADIANJI,NIBIANQIZUOWEIZHENGLIUQI,ZHENGLIUQIZUOWEINIBIANQI,CANZHAOSHANGTU。ZAISHENGZHIDONGJISHUZHONGZUIZHUYAODE,SHIRUHEBAOZHENGFANSONGHUIDIANWANGDEDIANNENGDEZHILIANG。

  网络控制系统和列车运行系统

  DONGCHEZUTONGCHANGDONGLIJIAOWEIFENSAN,SHEBEIDOUFENBUZAIBUTONGDECHEXIANGSHANG,ZAIGAOSUYUNXINGZHONG,RUHESHISHEBEIXIEDIAOGONGZUO,XIAOCHUYANSHI,ZHEIGESHIWANGLUOKONGZHIXITONGJIEJUEDE。QIZHONGSHEJIDAOXINHAOCHUANSHU、TONGXINXIEYI、CHEZAIJISUANJIDENGJISHU。

  ZHIYULIECHEYUNXINGXITONGZHUYAOZHENDUIWAIBUHELIECHEDEXIEDIAO。ZHEIQIZHONGBAOKUOQUJIANBISAIJISHU、WUXIANTONGXINJISHU。

  辅助供电系统

  ZHEIDUANBUDUOSHUO,XIANGQINGJIANMUQIANHUOCHESHIRUHEGONGDIANDE。

  DONGCHEZUCRHHEHEXIEDIANHXDXILIE。DONGCHEZUDEQIANYINGONGDIANXITONGYOUJIECHUWANGJINGSHOUDIANGONGDAOQIANYINBIANYAQI,QIANYINBIANYAQIBIANYAHOUDAOQIANYINZHENGLIUQI,RANHOUSHIQIANYINNIBIANQI,ZUIHOUDAOQIANYINDIANJI。ZHEISHIQIANYINGONGDIANXITONG。ERCHEXIANGNEIZHAOMING、KONGQIZHIDONGJIHELIECHEKONGZHIXITONGGONGDIANLAIYUANSHIYOUFUZHUBIANLIUQIDEDAO,ZAIBIANYAQIHOUMIANYOULINGYIGERAOZUJIECHU,JIESHANGFUZHUBIANLIUQI。ERKONGZHIDIANLUHEZHAOMINGGONGDIANYOUZHUANMENDEXUDIANCHIBEIYONG。

  材料技术

  CHECHUANG、CHETI、ZHUANXIANGJIA、LUNDUI、ZHAWADOUXUYAOCAILIAOJISHUDEZHICHENG。ZHEIGEWUXUZHUIYAN。

  CIWAI,GAOTIEHEPUTONGTIELUHAIYOUHENDACHABIE。

  1.GAOSUTIELUSHIYONGWUZHAGUIDAO(ZAIZHONGGUOSHISHEJISHISUCHAOGUO250km/hDEGAOSUTIELUSHIYONGWUZHAGUIDAO,SHEJISHISU200-250km/hDEKEYUNZHUANXIANHENDUOSHIYONGDESHIYOUZHAGUIDAO)。

  PUTONGTIELUGUIDAOSHIZAIXIAOKUAISHITOUDUIQIDEJICHUSHANG,ZAIPUSHEZHENMUHUOSHUINIZHENMU,BEICHENGWEIYOUZHAGUIDAO。JINGHUGAOTIEYONGDESHIWUZHAGUIDAO,LUJIBUYONGSUISHI,TIEGUI、GUIZHENZHIJIEPUZAIHUNNINGTULUSHANG,ZHENGTIAOXIANLUSHUIPINGWUCHABUCHAOGUO0.1HAOMI。ZAIGUIDAOFANGMIAN,DALIANGCAIYONGZHANGJULIWUFENGGANGGUI。YEJIUSHIZAIGAOTIESHANGJIHUTINGBUDAOCHUANTONGHUOCHEDEKUANGDANGKUANGDANGDESHENGYIN。MEIYOULEGANGGUIJIEFENG,DUIYULIECHESUDUDETIGAOYEYOUBANGZHU。ERQIEDAOCHADOUCAIYONGGAOSUKEDONGXINDAOCHA。QITONGGUOSUDUBIPUTONGDAOCHAGAOHENDUO。QIEGAOSUTIELUXIANLUWANDAOGENGSHAO,HUOCHEJINKENENGDESHIZHIXIAN。(XUYAOSHUOMINGDESHIWUZHAGUIDAODEJISHUJINRIBENHEDEGUOYONGYOU,ZHONGGUOQUEFAGUIDAOBANZHIZAOJISHU,SUIXUANZEYINJINWAIGUOJISHUJIZIZHUYANFA。)

  2.GAOSUTIELUSHIYONGDELIECHESHIDONGLIFENSANSHIDONGCHEZU。

  DONGLIFENBUSHILIECHESHITIELULIECHEDEYIZHONGHEDONGLIJIZHONGSHIXIANGDUIDEQIANYINFANGSHI,TEDIANSHIDONGLILAIYUANFENSANZAILIECHEGEGECHEXIANGSHANGDEFADONGJI,ERBUSHIJIZHONGZAIJICHESHANG,ZHONGGUODE“HEXIEHAO”DONGCHEZUSHIYIJIAKONGDIANLANFANGSHITIGONGDIANLILAIQUDONGQIANYINDIANDONGJIDEDIANLIDONGCHEZU。ERPUTONGLIECHESHIYOUHUOCHETOUQIANYINDE,ZHEISHIDONGLIJIZHONGSHIDEQIANYINFANGSHI。

  3.XINHAOKONGZHIXITONGBUTONG。

  ZHONGGUOLIECHEKONGZHIXITONG,JIANCHENGCTCS,SHIZHONGGUOTIELUCANZHAOOUZHOULIECHEKONGZHIXITONG,BINGJIEHEZHONGGUOGUOQINGGOUJIANDEJISHUTIXI。SHIYONGSHUZIKONGZHIXINHAO,BICHUANTONGDEMONIXINHAOGENGJIADEJINGQUEHEWENDING,QUEBAOLIECHEYUNXINGANQUAN。

  4.DINGJIAHEDINGWEIBUTONG。

  P.S:XUYAOZHUYIDESHICIXUANFULIECHEYESHUYUGAOSUTIELUDEYIZHONG。

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